Monica Gandhi, MD, MPH

Professor

Monica Gandhi MD, MPH is Professor of Medicine and Associate Division Chief (Clinical Operations/ Education) of the Division of HIV, Infectious Diseases, and Global Medicine at UCSF/ San Francisco General Hospital. She also serves as the Director of the UCSF Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) and the Medical director of the HIV Clinic at SFGH ("Ward 86"). Dr. Gandhi completed her M.D. at Harvard Medical School and then came to UCSF in 1996 for residency training in Internal Medicine. After her residency, Dr. Gandhi completed a fellowship in Infectious Diseases and a postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, both at UCSF. She also obtained a Masters in Public Health from Berkeley in 2001 with a focus on Epidemiology and Biostatistics.

Dr. Gandhi's current research program is on identifying low-cost solutions to measuring antiretroviral levels in resource-poor settings, such as determining drug levels in hair and urine samples. Dr. Gandhi also works on pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment strategies for HIV infection in women. .

Dr. Gandhi also has an interest at UCSF in HIV education and mentorship. She also served as the principal investigator of an R24 mentoring grant from the NIH focused on nurturing early career investigators of diversity in HIV research, from which launched the annual "Mentoring the Mentors" workshop for HIV researchers held annually by the UCSF CFAR to train mentors in specialized tools and techniques of effective mentoring. She is also the co-director of the CFAR Network of Integrated Clinical Systems (CNICS) Mentoring Program. She co-directs the HIV/ID Consult Service at San Francisco General Hospital (SFGH), attends on the inpatient HIV/Infectious Diseases consult service, sees patients at Ward 86 as an HIV care provider, and serves as the Associate Director of the UCSF ID fellowship for Clinical Research.
Education
MPH, 2001 - Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, Berkeley
ID fellowship, 1999 - School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
M.D., 1996 - School of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Residency, 1996 - School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Honors and Awards
  • Heroes of COVID, Hotel Council San Francisco, 2022
  • Women in Power” Award, Nob Hill Gazette, San Francisco, 2022
  • James Hormel Community Spirit Award for HIV and COVID work, Shanti Organization, 2022
  • Commendation for Exceptional and Dedicated Service for COVID-19 Pandemic, The County of San Mateo, 2021
  • Selected as a United States Delegate to the 2021 UN High Level Meeting on HIV/AIDS, United Nations, 2021
  • Selected as Co-Chair of AIDS 2020, International AIDS Society, 2020
  • Certificate of Commendation for POP-UP, Ward 86, San Francisco Board of Supervisors, 2020
  • UCSF Academic Senate Distinction in Mentoring, Professor Level, UCSF Academic Senate, 2020
  • Distinguished Alumni Award, School of Biological Sciences, University of Utah, 2020
  • Master Clinician Award, UCSF, 2019
  • Design Industries Foundation Fighting AIDS (DIFFA) San Francisco Award, DIFAA, 2018
  • Lifetime HIV Merit Award, HIV Congress, Mumbai, India, 2018
  • AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) Constance B. Wofsy Women’s Health Investigator Award, ACTG, 2017
  • HIV Medical Association (HIVMA) Clinical Educator Award, HIV Medical Association, 2017
  • Vince Pons Award for Teaching in Clinical Infectious Diseases, UCSF, 2016
  • Defender of Humanity Award, UCSF ID Fellows, UCSF, 2015
  • John L. Ziegler Outstanding Mentoring Award, Global Health Sciences, UCSF, 2013
  • Meg Newman Teaching Award from the Positive Health Practice, San Francisco General Hospital, 2012
  • Sarlo Award for Teaching Excellence, AIDS Research Institute, UCSF, 2011
Publications
  1. Mehtani NJ, Strough A, Strieff S, Zevin B, Eveland J, Riley ED, Gandhi M. Feasibility of Implementing a Low-Barrier Long-Acting Injectable Antiretroviral Program for HIV Treatment & Prevention for People Experiencing Homelessness. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2024. PMID: 38346426


  2. Spinelli MA, Christopoulos KA, Moreira CV, Jain JP, Lisha N, Glidden DV, Burkholder GA, Crane HM, Shapiro AE, Jacobson JM, Cachay ER, Mayer KH, Napravnik S, Moore RD, Gandhi M, Johnson MO. Viral Suppression Trajectories Destabilized After Coronavirus Disease 2019 Among US People With Human Immunodeficiency Virus: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2023. PMID: 37963086


  3. Stewart J, Gandhi M, Bukusi EA. Doxycycline to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections in Women. Reply. The New England journal of medicine 2024. PMID: 38598594


  4. Barbehenn A, Shi L, Shao J, Hoh R, Hartig HM, Pae V, Sarvadhavabhatla S, Donaire S, Sheikhzadeh C, Milush J, Laird GM, Mathias M, Ritter K, Peluso M, Martin J, Hecht F, Pilcher C, Cohen SE, Buchbinder S, Havlir D, Gandhi M, Henrich TJ, Hatano H, Wang J, Deeks SG, Lee SA. Rapid Biphasic Decay of Intact and Defective HIV DNA Reservoir During Acute Treated HIV Disease. medRxiv : the preprint server for health sciences 2024. PMID: 38585951


  5. Hickey MD, Grochowski J, Mayorga-Munoz F, Oskarsson J, Imbert E, Spinelli M, Szumowski JD, Appa A, Koester K, Dauria EF, McNulty M, Colasanti J, Havlir DV, Gandhi M, Christopoulos KA. Identifying Implementation Determinants and Strategies for Long-Acting Injectable Cabotegravir-Rilpivirine in People with HIV Who Are Virally Unsuppressed. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2024. PMID: 38534179


  6. Martinson T, Nwogu-Attah J, Spinelli M, Gandhi M. Low-cost urine tenofovir assay to triage dolutegravir resistance testing. The lancet. HIV 2024. PMID: 38461845


  7. Spinelli M, Gandhi M. Point-of-care urine tenofovir monitoring of adherence to drive interventions for HIV treatment and prevention. Expert review of molecular diagnostics 2024. PMID: 38353417


  8. Stewart J, Oware K, Donnell D, Violette LR, Odoyo J, Soge OO, Scoville CW, Omollo V, Mogaka FO, Sesay FA, McClelland RS, Spinelli M, Gandhi M, Bukusi EA, Baeten JM, dPEP Kenya Study Team. Doxycycline Prophylaxis to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections in Women. The New England journal of medicine 2023. PMID: 38118022


  9. Gandhi M. Post-viral sequelae of COVID-19 and influenza. The Lancet. Infectious diseases 2023. PMID: 38104584


  10. Chamie G, Hahn JA, Kekibiina A, Emenyonu NI, Beesiga B, Marson K, Fatch R, Lodi S, Adong J, Thirumurthy H, McDonell MG, Gandhi M, Bryant K, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Muyindike WR. Financial incentives for reduced alcohol use and increased isoniazid adherence during tuberculosis preventive therapy among people with HIV in Uganda: an open-label, factorial randomised controlled trial. The Lancet. Global health 2023. PMID: 37973340


  11. Herbertson EC, Lahiri CD, Olugbake OA, Soremekun RO, Spinelli MA, Gandhi M. Adherence determination using urine-tenofovir point-of-care testing and pharmacy refill records: A cross-sectional study. Medicine 2023. PMID: 38013290


  12. Gandhi M, Goosby E. PEPFAR Reauthorization by Congress Urgent for Global Health. JAMA 2023. PMID: 37707821


  13. Ayieko J, Thorp M, Getahun M, Gandhi M, Maeri I, Gutin SA, Okiring J, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED, Petersen M, Havlir DV, Camlin CS, Murnane PM. Geographic Mobility and HIV Care Engagement among People Living with HIV in Rural Kenya and Uganda. Tropical medicine and infectious disease 2023. PMID: 37999615


  14. Rodriguez VJ, Alcaide ML, Sued O, Aristegui I, Radusky PD, Kozlova S, Cardozo N, Dell'Isola E, Gandhi M, Jones DL. Detection of Antiretrovirals in Transgender Women With HIV Is Not Altered by Hair Treatments. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2023. PMID: 37850983


  15. Koss CA, Ayieko J, Kabami J, Balzer LB, Kakande E, Sunday H, Nyabuti M, Wafula E, Shade S, Biira E, Opel F, Atuhaire HN, Okochi H, Ogachi S, Gandhi M, Bacon MC, Bukusi EA, Chamie G, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, SEARCH study team. Dynamic choice HIV prevention intervention at outpatient departments in rural Kenya and Uganda: a randomized trial. AIDS (London, England) 2023. PMID: 37861683


  16. Durstenfeld MS, Peluso MJ, Spinelli MA, Li D, Hoh R, Chenna A, Yee B, Winslow J, Petropoulos C, Gandhi M, Henrich TJ, Aras MA, Long CS, Deeks SG, Hsue PY. Association of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Cardiopulmonary Long COVID With Exercise Capacity and Chronotropic Incompetence Among People With HIV. Journal of the American Heart Association 2023. PMID: 37830367


  17. Sauceda JA, Watabe J, Sterling L, Fuchs J, Parangan-Smith A, Uwaezuoke K, Gandhi M, Marquez C. Accelerating Research Careers in Science Through Early Mentored Research Experiences for Undergraduates and Masters' Students at the University of California, San Francisco Center for AIDS Research. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2023. PMID: 37707844


  18. Mustanski B, Ryan DT, Spinelli MA, Gandhi M, Newcomb ME. Urine point-Of-care tenofovir test demonstrates strong predictive clinical and research utility. AIDS (London, England) 2023. PMID: 37696260


  19. Dorward J, Lessells R, Govender K, Moodley P, Samsunder N, Sookrajh Y, Turner P, Butler CC, Hayward G, Gandhi M, Drain PK, Garrett N. Diagnostic accuracy of a point-of-care urine tenofovir assay, and associations with HIV viraemia and drug resistance among people receiving dolutegravir and efavirenz-based antiretroviral therapy. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2023. PMID: 37735860


  20. de Vos L, Mudzingwa EK, Fynn L, Atujuna M, Mugore M, Gandhi M, Celum C, Hosek S, Bekker LG, Daniels J, Medina-Marino A. Factors that influence adolescent girls and young women's re-initiation or complete discontinuation from daily oral PrEP use: a qualitative study from Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2023. PMID: 37758649


  21. Mars SG, Spinelli MA, Ondocsin J, Koester KA, Rodriguez ES, Jain J, Arreguin M, Johnson MO, Gandhi M. Pandemic expertise: qualitative findings on the experiences of living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic. AIDS care 2023. PMID: 37621106


  22. Mclaughlin MM, Durstenfeld MS, Gandhi M, Greene M, Ma Y, Beatty AL, Hsue PY. Cardiovascular health among persons with HIV without existing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. AIDS (London, England) 2023. PMID: 37498162


  23. Nachega JB, Musoke P, Kilmarx PH, Gandhi M, Grinsztejn B, Pozniak A, Rawat A, Wilson L, Mills EJ, Altice FL, Mellors JW, Quinn TC. Global HIV control: is the glass half empty or half full? The lancet. HIV 2023. PMID: 37506723


  24. Chen W, Gandhi M, Sax PE, Neilan AM, Garland WH, Wilkin T, Cohen R, Ciaranello AL, Kulkarni SP, Eron J, Freedberg KA, Hyle EP. Projected Benefits of Long-Acting Antiretroviral Therapy in Nonsuppressed People With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Experiencing Adherence Barriers. Open forum infectious diseases 2023. PMID: 37601728


  25. Gandhi M, Hickey M, Imbert E, Grochowski J, Mayorga-Munoz F, Szumowski JD, Oskarsson J, Shiels M, Sauceda J, Salazar J, Dilworth S, Nguyen JQ, Glidden DV, Havlir DV, Christopoulos KA. Demonstration Project of Long-Acting Antiretroviral Therapy in a Diverse Population of People With HIV. Annals of internal medicine 2023. PMID: 37399555


  26. Gandhi M, Nachega J, Miller V, Wilkin T. Benefits and limitations of different study designs for long-acting antiretroviral therapy among people living with HIV with viremia. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2023. PMID: 37439071


  27. Rosen EP, White N, Gilliland WM, Gerona RR, Gandhi M, Amico KR, Mayer KH, Gulick RM, Kashuba ADM. Mass spectrometry imaging of hair identifies daily maraviroc adherence in HPTN 069/ACTG A5305. PloS one 2023. PMID: 37352285


  28. Nakalega R, Mukiza N, Menge R, Kizito S, Babirye JA, Kuteesa CN, Mawanda D, Mulumba E, Nabukeera J, Ggita J, Nakanjako L, Akello C, Mirembe BG, Lukyamuzi Z, Nakaye C, Kataike H, Maena J, Etima J, Nabunya HK, Biira F, Nagawa C, Heffron R, Celum C, Gandhi M, Mujugira A. Feasibility and acceptability of peer-delivered HIV self-testing and PrEP for young women in Kampala, Uganda. BMC public health 2023. PMID: 37322510


  29. Durstenfeld MS, Peluso MJ, Spinelli MA, Li D, Hoh R, Gandhi M, Henrich TJ, Aras MA, Long CS, Deeks SG, Hsue PY. Association of SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Cardiopulmonary Long COVID with Exercise Capacity and Chronotropic Incompetence among People with HIV. medRxiv : the preprint server for health sciences 2023. PMID: 37205522


  30. Spinelli M, Gandhi M, Riva A. The intertwined epidemics of HIV and COVID-19 - emerging data and responses. Current opinion in HIV and AIDS 2023. PMID: 37144612


  31. Allan-Blitz LT, Gandhi M, Adamson P, Park I, Bolan G, Klausner JD. A Position Statement on Mpox as a Sexually Transmitted Disease. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2022. PMID: 36546646


  32. Nachega JB, Scarsi KK, Gandhi M, Scott RK, Mofenson LM, Archary M, Nachman S, Decloedt E, Geng EH, Wilson L, Rawat A, Mellors JW. Long-acting antiretrovirals and HIV treatment adherence. The lancet. HIV 2023. PMID: 37062293


  33. Biello KB, Chan PA, Holcomb R, Ndoye CD, Valente PK, Maynard M, Gandhi M, Mayer KH, Mimiaga MJ. PrEPare for Work: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of an Intervention to Optimize HIV PrEP Outcomes Among Male Sex Workers. AIDS and behavior 2023. PMID: 36976389


  34. Rao PS, Modi N, Nguyen NT, Vu DH, Xie YL, Gandhi M, Gerona R, Metcalfe J, Heysell SK, Alffenaar JC. Alternative Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Dose Adjustment of Tuberculosis Treatment in Clinical Settings: A Systematic Review. Clinical pharmacokinetics 2023. PMID: 36869170


  35. Johnson KA, Okochi H, Arreguin M, Watabe J, Glidden DV, Chattopadhyay A, Imbert E, Hickey MD, Gandhi M, Spinelli M. Brief Report: Urine Tenofovir Levels Strongly Correlate with Virologic Suppression in Patients with HIV on Tenofovir Alafenamide-Based Antiretroviral Therapy. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2022. PMID: 36253952


  36. Mccluskey SM, Govender K, Adamson J, Gandhi M, Spinelli MA, Moosa MY, Muyindike W, Moodley P, Pillay M, Masette G, Sunpath H, Pillay S, Chen G, Hedt-Gauthier B, Marconi VC, Siedner MJ. Point-of-care urine tenofovir testing to predict HIV drug resistance among individuals with virologic failure. AIDS (London, England) 2023. PMID: 36928169


  37. Mcinziba A, Wademan D, Viljoen L, Myburgh H, Jennings L, Decloedt E, Orrell C, van Zyl G, van Schalkwyk M, Gandhi M, Hoddinott G. Perspectives of people living with HIV and health workers about a point-of-care adherence assay: a qualitative study on acceptability. AIDS care 2023. PMID: 36781407


  38. Christopoulos KA, Grochowski J, Mayorga-Munoz F, Hickey MD, Imbert E, Szumowski JD, Dilworth S, Oskarsson J, Shiels M, Havlir D, Gandhi M. First Demonstration Project of Long-Acting Injectable Antiretroviral Therapy for Persons With and Without Detectable HIV Viremia in an Urban HIV Clinic. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2022. PMID: 35913500


  39. Ayesha Ashley Appa, Brianna Stein, Stefan Baral, Kelly Knight, Monica Gandhi, Phillip Coffin, Marlene Martin. 1406. IMPACT ( Infection Management Plus Addiction Care Together ): A Combined Contingency Management Pilot for Substance Use Disorders & Antibiotic Adherence in the Acute Care Setting. Open forum infectious diseases 2022. PMID:


  40. Doron S, Gandhi M. New boosters are here! Who should receive them and when? The Lancet. Infectious diseases 2022. PMID: 36354037


  41. Scully EP, Aga E, Tsibris A, Archin N, Starr K, Ma Q, Morse GD, Squires KE, Howell BJ, Wu G, Hosey L, Sieg S, Ehui L, Giguel F, Coxen K, Dobrowlski C, Gandhi M, Deeks S, Chomont N, Connick E, Godfrey C, Karn J, Kuritzkes DR, Bosch RJ, Gandhi RT, A5366 study team. Impact of Tamoxifen on Vorinostat-Induced HIV Expression in Women on Antiretroviral Therapy (ACTG A5366:The MOXIE trial). Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35176755


  42. Hickey MD, Imbert E, Appa A, Del Rosario JB, Lynch E, Friend J, Avila R, Clemenzi-Allen A, Riley ED, Gandhi M, Havlir DV. HIV treatment outcomes in POP-UP: drop-in HIV primary care model for people experiencing homelessness. The Journal of infectious diseases 2022. PMID: 35759251


  43. Forman LS, Lodi S, Fatch R, Emenyonu NI, Adong J, Ngabirano C, Jacobson KR, Gerona R, Reckers AR, Gandhi M, Muyindike WR, Hahn JA. Agreement Between Measures of Adherence to Isoniazid Preventive Therapy Among People With HIV in Uganda. Open forum infectious diseases 2022. PMID: 36320196


  44. Gandhi M. Immunity Against the Omicron Variant from Vaccination, Recovery or Both. Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35234857


  45. Spinelli MA, Le Tourneau N, Glidden DV, Hsu L, Hickey MD, Imbert E, Arreguin M, Jain JP, Oskarsson JJ, Buchbinder SP, Johnson MO, Havlir D, Christopoulos KA, Gandhi M. Impact of Multi-Component Support Strategies on HIV Virologic Suppression Rates during COVID-19: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis. Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35245934


  46. Nematadzira TG, Murnane PM, Odiase OJ, Bacchetti P, Okochi H, Tallerico R, Chanaiwa VM, Vhembo T, Mutambanengwe-Jacob MT, Louie A, Chipato T, Gandhi M, Stranix-Chibanda L, IMPAACT PROMISE Study Team. Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence During and Postbreastfeeding Cessation Measured by Tenofovir Levels in Hair. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2022. PMID: 35952357


  47. Niu X, Kubiak RW, Siriprakaisil O, Klinbuyaem V, Sukrakanchana PO, Cressey R, Okochi H, Gandhi M, Cressey TR, Drain PK. Tenofovir-Diphosphate in Dried Blood Spots vs Tenofovir in Urine/Plasma for Oral Preexposure Prophylaxis Adherence Monitoring. Open forum infectious diseases 2022. PMID: 36004315


  48. van Zyl G, Jennings L, Kellermann T, Nkantsu Z, Cogill D, van Schalkwyk M, Spinelli M, Decloedt E, Orrell C, Gandhi M. Urine tenofovir-monitoring predicts HIV viremia in patients treated with high genetic-barrier regimens. AIDS (London, England) 2022. PMID: 36305182


  49. Spinelli MA, Jones BLH, Gandhi M. COVID-19 Outcomes and Risk Factors Among People Living with HIV. Current HIV/AIDS reports 2022. PMID: 35930187


  50. Pathela P, Qasmieh S, Gandhi M, Rozen E, Okochi H, Goldstein H, Herold BC, Jamison K, Schillinger JA, Nash D. Use of remnant specimens to assess use of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among populations with risk for HIV infection: A novel approach. Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35357337


  51. Peluso MJ, Spinelli MA, Deveau TM, Forman CA, Munter SE, Mathur S, Tang AF, Lu S, Goldberg SA, Arreguin MI, Hoh R, Tai V, Chen JY, Martinez EO, Yee BC, Chenna A, Winslow JW, Petropoulos CJ, Sette A, Weiskopf D, Kumar N, Lynch KL, Hunt PW, Durstenfeld MS, Hsue PY, Kelly JD, Martin JN, Glidden DV, Gandhi M, Deeks SG, Rutishauser RL, Henrich TJ. Post-acute sequelae and adaptive immune responses in people living with HIV recovering from SARS-COV-2 infection. AIDS (London, England) 2022. PMID: 35866847


  52. Nwogu JN, Ngene SO, Babalola CP, Olagunju A, Owen A, Khoo SH, Kotila OA, Berzins B, Okochi H, Tallerico R, Gandhi M, Taiwo B. Comparison of efavirenz levels in blood and hair with pharmacy refills as measures of adherence and predictors of viral suppression among people living with HIV in Nigeria. AIDS research and therapy 2022. PMID: 35820913


  53. Stewart J, Bukusi E, Sesay FA, Oware K, Donnell D, Soge OO, Celum C, Odoyo J, Kwena ZA, Scoville CW, Violette LR, Morrison S, Simoni J, McClelland RS, Barnabas R, Gandhi M, Baeten JM. Doxycycline post-exposure prophylaxis for prevention of sexually transmitted infections among Kenyan women using HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis: study protocol for an open-label randomized trial. Trials 2022. PMID: 35710444


  54. Sheira LA, Kwena ZA, Charlebois ED, Agot K, Ayieko B, Gandhi M, Bukusi EA, Thirumurthy H, Camlin CS. Testing a social network approach to promote HIV self-testing and linkage to care among fishermen at Lake Victoria: study protocol for the Owete cluster randomized controlled trial. Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35668499


  55. Imbert E, Hickey MD, Del Rosario JB, Conte M, Kerkoff AD, Clemenzi-Allen A, Riley ED, Havlir DV, Gandhi M. Heterogeneous preferences for care engagement among people with HIV experiencing homelessness or unstable housing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35262529


  56. Conroy AA, McKenna S, Ruark A, Neilands TB, Spinelli M, Gandhi M. Relationship Dynamics are Associated with Self-Reported Adherence but not an Objective Adherence Measure in Malawi. Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35507094


  57. Greene M, Shi Y, Boscardin J, Sudore R, Gandhi M, Covinsky K. Geriatric conditions and healthcare utilisation in older adults living with HIV. Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35511728


  58. Qasmieh S, Nash D, Gandhi M, Rozen E, Okochi H, Goldstein H, Herold BC, Jamison K, Pathela P. Self-reported use of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis is highly accurate among Sexual Health Clinic patients in New York City. Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35312670


  59. Murnane PM, Gandhi M, Bacchetti P, Getahun M, Gutin SA, Okochi H, Maeri I, Eyul P, Omoding D, Okiring J, Tallerico R, Louie A, Akullian A, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED, Camlin CS. Distinct forms of migration and mobility are differentially associated with HIV treatment adherence. Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35652674


  60. Hojilla JC, Gandhi M, Satre DD, Johnson MO, Saberi P. Equity in access to long-acting injectables in the USA. Academic Medicine 2022. PMID: 35131041


  61. Jennings L, Kellermann T, Spinelli MA, Nkantsu Z, Cogill D, van Schalkwyk M, Decloedt E, van Zyl G, Orrell C, Gandhi M. Drug resistance, rather than low tenofovir levels in blood or urine, is associated with tenofovir, emtricitabine and efavirenz (TEE) failure in resource-limited settings. Academic Medicine 2021. PMID: 34779228


  62. Peluso MJ, Kelly JD, Lu S, Goldberg SA, Davidson MC, Mathur S, Durstenfeld MS, Spinelli MA, Hoh R, Tai V, Fehrman EA, Torres L, Hernandez Y, Williams MC, Arreguin MI, Ngo LH, Deswal M, Munter SE, Martinez EO, Anglin KA, Romero MD, Tavs J, Rugart PR, Chen JY, Sans HM, Murray VW, Ellis PK, Donohue KC, Massachi JA, Weiss JO, Mehdi I, Pineda-Ramirez J, Tang AF, Wenger MA, Assenzio MT, Yuan Y, Krone MR, Rutishauser RL, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Greenhouse B, Sauceda JA, Gandhi M, Scheffler AW, Hsue PY, Henrich TJ, Deeks SG, Martin JN. Persistence, Magnitude, and Patterns of Postacute Symptoms and Quality of Life Following Onset of SARS-CoV-2 Infection: Cohort Description and Approaches for Measurement. Academic Medicine 2021. PMID: 35106317


  63. Santiago-Rodriguez EI, Maiorana A, Peluso MJ, Hoh R, Tai V, Fehrman EA, Hernandez Y, Torres L, Spinelli MA, Gandhi M, Kelly JD, Martin JN, Henrich TJ, Deeks SG, Sauceda JA. Characterizing the COVID-19 Illness Experience to Inform the Study of Post-acute Sequelae and Recovery. Academic Medicine 2021. PMID: 34918211


  64. Ekstrand ML, Heylen E, Gandhi M, Steward WT, Pereira M, Srinivasan K. COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Among PLWH in South India: Implications for Vaccination Campaigns. Academic Medicine 2021. PMID: 34757971


  65. Murnane PM, Ayieko J, Vittinghoff E, Gandhi M, Katumbi C, Milala B, Nakaye C, Kanda P, Moodley D, Nyati ME, Loftis AJ, Fowler MG, Flynn P, Currier JS, Cohen CR. Machine learning algorithms using routinely collected data do not adequately predict viremia to inform targeted services in postpartum women living with HIV. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2021. PMID: 34520443


  66. Matthew A Spinelli, Michael J Peluso, Kara Lynch, Cassandra Yun, David V Glidden, Timothy J Henrich, Steve Deeks, Monica Gandhi. LB8. Lower SARS-CoV-2 IgG and Pseudovirus Neutralization Titers Post-mRNA Vaccination among People Living with HIV. Academic Medicine 2021. PMID:


  67. Spinelli MA, Brown LB, Glidden DV, Hunter K, Martin-Tuite P, Zheng J, Sera C, Havlir D, Buchbinder SP, Gandhi M. SARS-CoV-2 incidence, testing rates, and severe COVID-19 outcomes among people with and without HIV. Academic Medicine 2021. PMID: 34870933


  68. Halperin DT, Hearst N, Hodgins S, Bailey RC, Klausner JD, Jackson H, Wamai RG, Ladapo JA, Over M, Baral S, Escandón K, Gandhi M. Revisiting COVID-19 policies: 10 evidence-based recommendations for where to go from here. Academic Medicine 2021. PMID: 34774012


  69. Tan JY, Greene M, Blat C, Albers A, Grochowski J, Oskarsson J, Shiels M, Hsue P, Havlir D, Gandhi M, Myers J. Examining the Impact of the Golden Compass Clinical Care Program for Older People with HIV: A Qualitative Study. Academic Medicine 2021. PMID: 34705153


  70. Johnson MO, Gandhi M, Fuchs JD, Sterling L, Sauceda JA, Saag MS, Riley ED, Sevelius JM. The impact of COVID-19 on mentoring early-career investigators: "Everything can wait. Listen more than usual and share your own struggles". Medicine 2021. PMID: 34622852


  71. Bardon AR, Dorward J, Sookrajh Y, Sayed F, Quame-Amaglo J, Pillay C, Feutz E, Ngobese H, Simoni JM, Sharma M, Cressey TR, Gandhi M, Lessells R, Moodley P, Naicker N, Naidoo K, Thomas K, Celum C, Abdool Karim S, Garrett N, Drain PK. Simplifying TREAtment and Monitoring for HIV (STREAM HIV): protocol for a randomised controlled trial of point-of-care urine tenofovir and viral load testing to improve HIV outcomes. BMJ open 2021. PMID: 34610939


  72. Nwogu JN, Gandhi M, Owen A, Khoo S, Taiwo B, Olagunju A, Berzins B, Okochi H, Tallerico R, Robertson K, Babalola CP. Associations between efavirenz concentrations, pharmacogenetics, and neurocognitive performance in people living with HIV in Nigeria. AIDS (London, England) 2021. PMID: 34115651


  73. Chawana TD, Nhachi CFB, Nathoo K, Ngara B, Okochi H, Louie A, Kuncze K, Katzenstein D, Metcalfe J, Gandhi M, Adolescent Treatment Failure (ATF) study team. Ritonavir concentrations in hair predict virologic outcomes in HIV-infected adolescents with virologic failure on atazanavir/ritonavir-based second-line treatment. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2021. PMID: 34117162


  74. Christopoulos KA, Erguera XA, VanderZanden L, Campbell C, Green M, Tsuzuki MD, Schneider J, Coffey S, Bacon O, Gandhi M, Koester KA. A Qualitative Study of the Experience of Immediate Antiretroviral Therapy Among Urban Persons With Newly Diagnosed Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Academic Medicine 2021. PMID: 34877362


  75. Johnson KA, Okochi H, Glidden DV, Gandhi M, Spinelli M. Brief Report: No Difference in Urine Tenofovir Levels in Patients Living with HIV on Unboosted vs Dose-Adjusted Boosted Tenofovir Alafenamide. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2021. PMID: 33990489


  76. Salinas-Rodríguez A, Sosa-Rubí SG, Chivardi C, Rodríguez-Franco R, Gandhi M, Mayer KH, Operario D, Gras-Allain N, Vargas-Guadarrama G, Galárraga O. Preferences for Conditional Economic Incentives to Improve Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Adherence: A Discrete Choice Experiment Among Male Sex Workers in Mexico. AIDS and behavior 2021. PMID: 34453239


  77. Peluso MJ, Deitchman AN, Torres L, Iyer NS, Munter SE, Nixon CC, Donatelli J, Thanh C, Takahashi S, Hakim J, Turcios K, Janson O, Hoh R, Tai V, Hernandez Y, Fehrman EA, Spinelli MA, Gandhi M, Trinh L, Wrin T, Petropoulos CJ, Aweeka FT, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Kelly JD, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Greenhouse B, Rutishauser RL, Henrich TJ. Long-term SARS-CoV-2-specific immune and inflammatory responses in individuals recovering from COVID-19 with and without post-acute symptoms. Cell reports 2021. PMID: 34358460


  78. Spinelli MA, Glidden DV, Gennatas ED, Rutherford GW, Gandhi M. Effectiveness of Adding a Mask Recommendation to Other Public Health Measures. Annals of internal medicine 2021. PMID: 34399080


  79. Bansal T, Dubey S, Rao HL, Gandhi M, Pegu J. Predictors of Peripapillary and Macular Optical Microangiography Measurements in Healthy Eyes. Journal of glaucoma 2021. PMID: 33927147


  80. Chamie G, Marquez C, Crawford E, Peng J, Petersen M, Schwab D, Schwab J, Martinez J, Es DJ, Black D, Gandhi M, Kerkhoff AD, Jain V, Sergi F, Jacobo J, Rojas S, Tulier-Laiwa V, Gallardo-Brown T, Appa A, Chiu C, Rodgers M, Hackett J, Kistler A, Hao S, Kamm J, Dynerman D, Batson J, Greenhouse B, DeRisi J, Havlir DV. SARS-CoV-2 Community Transmission disproportionately affects Latinx population during Shelter-in-Place in San Francisco. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2020. PMID: 32821935


  81. Peluso MJ, Takahashi S, Hakim J, Kelly JD, Torres L, Iyer NS, Turcios K, Janson O, Munter SE, Thanh C, Donatelli J, Nixon CC, Hoh R, Tai V, Fehrman EA, Hernandez Y, Spinelli MA, Gandhi M, Palafox MA, Vallari A, Rodgers MA, Prostko J, Hackett J, Trinh L, Wrin T, Petropoulos CJ, Chiu CY, Norris PJ, DiGermanio C, Stone M, Busch MP, Elledge SK, Zhou XX, Wells JA, Shu A, Kurtz TW, Pak JE, Wu W, Burbelo PD, Cohen JI, Rutishauser RL, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Henrich TJ, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Greenhouse B. SARS-CoV-2 antibody magnitude and detectability are driven by disease severity, timing, and assay. Science advances 2021. PMID: 34330709


  82. Starks TJ, Adebayo T, Kyre KD, Millar BM, Stratton MJ, Gandhi M, Ingersoll KS. Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Motivational Interviewing with Sexual Minority Male Couples to Reduce Drug Use and Sexual Risk: The Couples Health Project. AIDS and behavior 2021. PMID: 34297275


  83. . Tenofovir-based PrEP for COVID-19: an untapped opportunity? AIDS (London, England) 2021. PMID: 33710026


  84. Imbert E, Hickey MD, Clemenzi-Allen A, Lynch E, Friend J, Kelley J, Conte M, Das D, Rosario JBD, Collins E, Oskarsson J, Hicks ML, Riley ED, Havlir DV, Gandhi M. Evaluation of the POP-UP programme: a multicomponent model of care for people living with HIV with homelessness or unstable housing. AIDS (London, England) 2021. PMID: 34076613


  85. Reckers A, Wu AHB, Ong CM, Gandhi M, Metcalfe J, Gerona R. A combined assay for quantifying remdesivir and its metabolite, along with dexamethasone, in serum. The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy 2021. PMID: 33864090


  86. Riley ED, Hickey MD, Imbert E, Clemenzi-Allen AA, Gandhi M. COVID-19 and HIV spotlight the U.S. imperative for permanent affordable housing. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2020. PMID: 32887980


  87. Spinelli MA, Lowery B, Shuford JA, Spindler J, Kearney MF, McFarlane JR, McDonald C, Okochi H, Phung N, Kuncze K, Jee K, Johannessen D, Anderson PL, Smith DK, Defechereux P, Grant RM, Gandhi M. Use of Drug-Level Testing and Single-Genome Sequencing to Unravel a Case of HIV Seroconversion on PrEP. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2020. PMID: 32686825


  88. Lodi S, Emenyonu NI, Marson K, Kwarisiima D, Fatch R, McDonell MG, Cheng DM, Thirumurthy H, Gandhi M, Camlin CS, Muyindike WR, Hahn JA, Chamie G. The Drinkers' Intervention to Prevent Tuberculosis (DIPT) trial among heavy drinkers living with HIV in Uganda: study protocol of a 2×2 factorial trial. Trials 2021. PMID: 34016158


  89. Peluso MJ, Dee L, Shao S, Taylor J, Campbell D, Collins S, Gandhi M, Johnston R, Deeks SG, Sauceda JA, Dubé K. Operationalizing HIV cure-related trials with analytic treatment interruptions during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: A collaborative approach. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2020. PMID: 32841311


  90. Appa A, Rodda LN, Cawley C, Zevin B, Coffin PO, Gandhi M, Imbert E. Drug Overdose Deaths Before and After Shelter-in-Place Orders During the COVID-19 Pandemic in San Francisco. JAMA network open 2021. PMID: 33978726


  91. Gandhi M, Bacon O, and AB Caughey.. Blueprints Clinical Cases in Medicine Blueprints Clinical Cases in Medicine. 2021. PMID:


  92. Spinelli MA, Lynch KL, Yun C, Glidden DV, Peluso MJ, Henrich TJ, Gandhi M, Brown LB. SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence, and IgG concentration and pseudovirus neutralising antibody titres after infection, compared by HIV status: a matched case-control observational study. The lancet. HIV 2021. PMID: 33933189


  93. Johnson KA, Niu X, Glidden DV, Castillo-Mancilla JR, Yager J, MaWhinney S, Morrow M, Okochi H, Cressey TR, Drain PK, Gandhi M, Anderson PL, Spinelli MA. Lower Urine Tenofovir Concentrations Among Individuals Taking Tenofovir Alafenamide Versus Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate: Implications for Point-of-Care Testing. Open forum infectious diseases 2021. PMID: 34285929


  94. Okochi H, Louie A, Phung N, Zhang K, Tallerico RM, Kuncze K, Spinelli MA, Koss CA, Benet LZ, Gandhi M. Tenofovir and Emtricitabine Concentrations in Hair are Comparable between Individuals on Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate versus Tenofovir Alafenamide-based ART. Drug testing and analysis 2021. PMID: 33742745


  95. Gandhi M, Beyrer C, Goosby E. Masks Reduce Viral Inoculum of SARS-CoV2. Journal of general internal medicine 2021. PMID: 33483818


  96. Santiago-Rodriguez EI, Maiorana A, Peluso MJ, Hoh R, Tai V, Fehrman EA, Hernandez Y, Torres L, Spinelli MA, Gandhi M, Kelly JD, Martin JN, Henrich TJ, Deeks SG, Sauceda JA. Characterizing the COVID-19 illness experience to inform the study of post-acute sequalae and recovery: a qualitative study. medRxiv : the preprint server for health sciences 2021. PMID: 33758881


  97. Spinelli MA, Hessol NA, Schwarcz SK, Scheer S, Gandhi M, Chin Hsu L. Disparities in Integrase Inhibitor Usage in the Modern HIV Treatment Era: A Population-Based Study in a US City. Open forum infectious diseases 2021. PMID: 34250184


  98. Johnson MO, Fuchs JD, Sterling L, Sauceda JA, Saag MS, Fernandez A, Evans CH, Gandhi M. A mentor training workshop focused on fostering diversity engenders lasting impact on mentoring techniques: Results of a long-term evaluation. Journal of Clinical and Translational Science 2021. PMID: 34221458


  99. Peluso MJ, Kelly JD, Lu S, Goldberg SA, Davidson MC, Mathur S, Durstenfeld MS, Spinelli MA, Hoh R, Tai V, Fehrman EA, Torres L, Hernandez Y, Williams MC, Arreguin MI, Bautista JA, Ngo LH, Deswal M, Munter SE, Martinez EO, Anglin KA, Romero MD, Tavs J, Rugart PR, Chen JY, Sans HM, Murray VW, Ellis PK, Donohue KC, Massachi JA, Weiss JO, Mehdi I, Pineda-Ramirez J, Tang AF, Wenger M, Assenzio M, Yuan Y, Krone M, Rutishauser RL, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Greenhouse B, Sauceda JA, Gandhi M, Hsue PY, Henrich TJ, Deeks SG, Martin JN. Rapid implementation of a cohort for the study of post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection/COVID-19. medRxiv : the preprint server for health sciences 2021. PMID: 33758895


  100. Peluso MJ, Takahashi S, Hakim J, Kelly JD, Torres L, Iyer NS, Turcios K, Janson O, Munter SE, Thanh C, Nixon CC, Hoh R, Tai V, Fehrman EA, Hernandez Y, Spinelli MA, Gandhi M, Palafox MA, Vallari A, Rodgers MA, Prostko J, Hackett J, Trinh L, Wrin T, Petroplolous CJ, Chiu CY, Norris PJ, DiGermanio C, Stone M, Busch MP, Elledge SK, Zhou XX, Wells JA, Shu A, Kurtz TW, Pak JE, Wu W, Burbelo PD, Cohen JI, Rutishauser RL, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Henrich TJ, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Greenhouse B. SARS-CoV-2 antibody magnitude and detectability are driven by disease severity, timing, and assay. medRxiv : the preprint server for health sciences 2021. PMID: 33688675


  101. Peluso MJ, Deitchman AN, Torres L, Iyer NS, Nixon CC, Munter SE, Donatelli J, Thanh C, Takahashi S, Hakim J, Turcios K, Janson O, Hoh R, Tai V, Hernandez Y, Fehrman E, Spinelli MA, Gandhi M, Trinh L, Wrin T, Petropoulos CJ, Aweeka FT, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Kelly JD, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Greenhouse B, Rutishauser RL, Henrich TJ. Long-Term SARS-CoV-2-Specific Immune and Inflammatory Responses Across a Clinically Diverse Cohort of Individuals Recovering from COVID-19. medRxiv : the preprint server for health sciences 2021. PMID: 33688685


  102. Hickey MD, Imbert E, Glidden DV, Rosario JBD, Chong M, Clemenzi-Allen A, Oskarsson J, Riley ED, Gandhi M, Havlir DV. Viral suppression not decreased during COVID-19 among people with HIV and unstable housing enrolled in a low-barrier clinic-based program (POP-UP). AIDS (London, England) 2020. PMID: 33306555


  103. Pintye J, Huo Y, Kacanek D, Zhang K, Kuncze K, Okochi H, Gandhi M. Extent of in-utero transfer of tenofovir from mother to fetus: a paired analysis of hair specimens collected at birth from a cohort in the United States. The Journal of infectious diseases 2020. PMID: 32620015


  104. Chawana TD, Nhachi CFB, Nathoo K, Ngara B, Okochi H, Louie A, Kuncze K, Kazenstein D, Metcalfe J, Gandhi M. Higher tenofovir concentrations in hair are associated with decreases in viral load and not self-reported adherence in HIV-infected adolescents with second line virological treatment failure. AIDS research and human retroviruses 2021. PMID: 33499754


  105. Spinelli MA, Glidden DV, Gennatas ED, Bielecki M, Beyrer C, Rutherford G, Chambers H, Goosby E, Gandhi M. Importance of non-pharmaceutical interventions in lowering the viral inoculum to reduce susceptibility to infection by SARS-CoV-2 and potentially disease severity. The Lancet. Infectious diseases 2021. PMID: 33631099


  106. Adimora AA, Ramirez C, Poteat T, Archin NM, Averitt D, Auerbach JD, Agwu AL, Currier J, Gandhi M. HIV and women in the USA: what we know and where to go from here. Lancet (London, England) 2021. PMID: 33617768


  107. Koss CA, Havlir DV, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Kabami J, Chamie G, Atukunda M, Mwinike Y, Mwangwa F, Owaraganise A, Peng J, Olilo W, Snyman K, Awuonda B, Clark TD, Black D, Nugent J, Brown LB, Marquez C, Okochi H, Zhang K, Camlin CS, Jain V, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Balzer LB. HIV incidence after pre-exposure prophylaxis initiation among women and men at elevated HIV risk: A population-based study in rural Kenya and Uganda. PLoS medicine 2021. PMID: 33561143


  108. Pintye J, Huo Y, Kacanek D, Zhang K, Kuncze K, Okochi H, Gandhi M. Detectable HIV RNA in late pregnancy associated with low tenofovir hair levels at time of delivery among women living with HIV in the United States. AIDS (London, England) 2020. PMID: 33055571


  109. Stalter RM, Baeten JM, Donnell D, Spinelli MA, Glidden DV, Rodrigues WC, Wang G, Vincent M, Mugo N, Mujugira A, Marzinke M, Hendrix C, Gandhi M. Urine Tenofovir Levels Measured Using a Novel Immunoassay Predict Human Immunodeficiency Virus Protection. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2021. PMID: 33527128


  110. Metcalfe J, Bacchetti P, Esmail A, Reckers A, Aguilar D, Wen A, Huo S, Muyindike WR, Hahn JA, Dheda K, Gandhi M, Gerona R. Diagnostic accuracy of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry assay in small hair samples for rifampin-resistant tuberculosis drug concentrations in a routine care setting. BMC infectious diseases 2021. PMID: 33482745


  111. Sachdev D, Mara E, Hsu L, Scheer S, Rutherford G, Enanoria W, Gandhi M. COVID-19 Susceptibility and Outcomes among People Living with HIV in San Francisco. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2020. PMID: 33044323


  112. Brown LB, Spinelli MA, Gandhi M. The interplay between HIV and COVID-19: summary of the data and responses to date. Current opinion in HIV and AIDS 2020. PMID: 33186229


  113. Clark J, Reisner S, Perez-Brumer A, Huerta L, Sanchez H, Moriarty K, Luque MM, Okochi H, Salazar X, Mimiaga M, Sanchez J, Gandhi M, Mayer KH, Lama JR. TransPrEP: Results from the Pilot Study of a Social Network-Based Intervention to Support PrEP Adherence Among Transgender Women in Lima, Peru. AIDS and behavior 2021. PMID: 33385279


  114. Vivek Jain, Lillian B Brown, Carina Marquez, Luis Rubio, Natasha Spottiswoode, Bethlehem Churnet, Katherine Brooks, Mengyu Zhou, Timothy Muldoon, Carolyn Hendrickson, Adithya Cattamanchi, Antonio Gomez, Brian Haas, Edwin Charlebois, Annie Luetkemeyer, Annie Luetkemeyer, Monica Gandhi, Diane Havlir, Sumant Ranji, Lisa Gail Winston. 448. Disproportionate Burden of COVID-19 on Latinx Residents among Hospitalized Patients at San Francisco’s Public Health Hospital. Open forum infectious diseases 2020. PMID:


  115. Monica Gandhi, Deborah S Yokoe, Diane V. Havlir. Asymptomatic Transmission, the Achilles’ Heel of Current Strategies to Control COVID-19. 2020. PMID:


  116. Hickey MD, Sergi F, Zhang K, Spinelli MA, Black D, Sola C, Blaz V, Nguyen JQ, Oskarsson J, Gandhi M, Havlir DV. Pragmatic randomized trial of a pre-visit intervention to improve the quality of telemedicine visits for vulnerable patients living with HIV. Journal of telemedicine and telecare 2020. PMID: 33342328


  117. Reckers A, Huo S, Esmail A, Dheda K, Bacchetti P, Gandhi M, Metcalfe J, Gerona R. Development and validation of a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for quantifying delamanid and its metabolite in small hair samples. Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 2020. PMID: 33713954


  118. Conte M, Eshun-Wilson I, Geng E, Imbert E, Hickey MD, Havlir D, Gandhi M, Clemenzi-Allen A. Brief Report: Understanding Preferences for HIV Care Among Patients Experiencing Homelessness or Unstable Housing: A Discrete Choice Experiment. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2020. PMID: 33136742


  119. Spinelli MA, Hickey MD, Glidden DV, Nguyen JQ, Oskarsson JJ, Havlir D, Gandhi M. Viral suppression rates in a safety-net HIV clinic in San Francisco destabilized during COVID-19. AIDS (London, England) 2020. PMID: 32910069


  120. Gandhi M, Rutherford GW. Facial Masking for Covid-19. Reply. The New England journal of medicine 2020. PMID: 33095525


  121. Kerkhoff AD, Sachdev D, Mizany S, Rojas S, Gandhi M, Peng J, Black D, Jones D, Rojas S, Jacobo J, Tulier-Laiwa V, Petersen M, Martinez J, Chamie G, Havlir DV, Marquez C. Evaluation of a novel community-based COVID-19 'Test-to-Care' model for low-income populations. PloS one 2020. PMID: 33035216


  122. Drain PK, Bardon AR, Simoni JM, Cressey TR, Anderson P, Sevenler D, Olanrewaju AO, Gandhi M, Celum C. Point-of-care and Near Real-time Testing for Antiretroviral Adherence Monitoring to HIV Treatment and Prevention. Current HIV/AIDS reports 2020. PMID: 32627120


  123. Wang M, Miller JD, Collins SM, Santoso MV, Wekesa P, Okochi H, Onono M, Weiser S, Gandhi M, Young SL. Social Support Mitigates Negative Impact of Food Insecurity on Antiretroviral Adherence Among Postpartum Women in Western Kenya. AIDS and behavior 2020. PMID: 32212069


  124. Gandhi M, Rutherford GW. Facial Masking for Covid-19 - Potential for "Variolation" as We Await a Vaccine. The New England journal of medicine 2020. PMID: 32897661


  125. Dow DE, Mmbaga BT, Gallis JA, Turner EL, Gandhi M, Cunningham CK, O'Donnell KE. A group-based mental health intervention for young people living with HIV in Tanzania: results of a pilot individually randomized group treatment trial. BMC public health 2020. PMID: 32887558


  126. Spinelli MA, Haberer JE, Chai PR, Castillo-Mancilla J, Anderson PL, Gandhi M. Approaches to Objectively Measure Antiretroviral Medication Adherence and Drive Adherence Interventions. Current HIV/AIDS reports 2020. PMID: 32424549


  127. Spinelli MA, Laborde N, Kinley P, Whitacre R, Scott HM, Walker N, Liu AY, Gandhi M, Buchbinder SP. The importance of PrEP persistence in preventing HIV infections on PrEP. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2020. PMID: 32844591


  128. Gandhi M, Beyrer C, Goosby E. Masks Do More Than Protect Others During COVID-19: Reducing the Inoculum of SARS-CoV-2 to Protect the Wearer. Journal of general internal medicine 2020. PMID: 32737790


  129. Gabriel Chamie, Carina Marquez, Emily Crawford, James Peng, Maya Petersen, Daniel Schwab, Joshua Schwab, Jackie Martinez, Diane Jones, Douglas Black, Monica Gandhi, Andrew D. Kerkhoff, Vivek Jain, Francesco Sergi, Jon Jacobo, Susana Rojas, Valerie Tulier-Laiwa, Tracy Gallardo-Brown, Ayesha Appa, Charles Y Chiu, Mary Rodgers, John Hackett, Amy Kistler, Samantha Hao, Jack Kamm, David Dynerman, Joshua Batson, Bryan Greenhouse, Joe DeRisi, Diane V. Havlir. SARS-CoV-2 Community Transmission During Shelter-in-Place in San Francisco. medRxiv 2020. PMID:


  130. Cressey TR, Siriprakaisil O, Kubiak RW, Klinbuayaem V, Sukrakanchana PO, Quame-Amaglo J, Okochi H, Tawon Y, Cressey R, Baeten JM, Gandhi M, Drain PK. Plasma Pharmacokinetics and Urinary Excretion of Tenofovir Following Cessation in Adults with Controlled Levels of Adherence to Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate. International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases 2020. PMID: 32553717


  131. Spinelli MA, Rodrigues WC, Wang G, Vincent M, Glidden DV, Okochi H, Stalter R, Defechereux P, Deutsch M, Grant RM, Ngure K, Mugo NR, Baeten JM, Gandhi M. HIGH ACCURACY OF A REAL-TIME URINE ANTIBODY-BASED TENOFOVIR POINT-OF-CARE TEST COMPARED TO LABORATORY-BASED ELISA IN DIVERSE POPULATIONS. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2020. PMID: 32167963


  132. Clemenzi-Allen AA, Hickey M, Conte M, Das D, Geng E, Riley E, Havlir D, Gandhi M, Imbert E. Improving Care Outcomes for PLWH Experiencing Homelessness and Unstable Housing: a Synthetic Review of Clinic-Based Strategies. Current HIV/AIDS reports 2020. PMID: 32382919


  133. Gandhi M, Yokoe DS, Havlir DV. Screening for Covid-19 in Skilled Nursing Facilities. Reply. The New England journal of medicine 2020. PMID: 32469484


  134. Andrew Reckers, Anita Wen, David Aguilar, Peter Bacchetti, Monica Gandhi, John Metcalfe, Roy Gerona. Validated LC-MS/MS Panel for Quantifying 11 Drug-Resistant TB Medications in Small Hair Samples. Journal of Visualized Experiments 2020. PMID:


  135. Reckers A, Wen A, Aguilar D, Bacchetti P, Gandhi M, Metcalfe J, Gerona R. Validated LC-MS/MS Panel for Quantifying 11 Drug-Resistant TB Medications in Small Hair Samples. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE 2020. PMID: 32510502


  136. Drain PK, Kubiak RW, Siriprakaisil O, Klinbuayaem V, Quame-Amaglo J, Sukrakanchana PO, Tanasri S, Punyati P, Sirirungsi W, Cressey R, Bacchetti P, Okochi H, Baeten JM, Gandhi M, Cressey TR. confUrine Tenofovir Concentrations Correlate with Plasma and Relates to TDF Adherence: A Randomized Directly-observed Pharmacokinetic Trial (TARGET Study). Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2019. PMID: 31314073


  137. Pozniak A, Bekker LG, Kamarulzaman A, Gandhi M, Horton R, Das P, Beyrer C. A COVID-19 conference at AIDS 2020: Virtual. Lancet (London, England) 2020. PMID: 32359401


  138. Teeraananchai S, Kerr SJ, Gandhi M, Do VC, Van Nguyen L, Tran DNH, Kosalaraksa P, Singtoroj T, Thammajaruk N, Jupimai T, Sohn AH. Determinants of Viral Resuppression or Persistent Virologic Failure After Initial Failure With Second-Line Antiretroviral Treatment Among Asian Children and Adolescents With HIV. Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society 2019. PMID: 31125411


  139. Gandhi M, Yokoe DS, Havlir DV. Asymptomatic Transmission, the Achilles' Heel of Current Strategies to Control Covid-19. The New England journal of medicine 2020. PMID: 32329972


  140. Gandhi M, Havlir D. The Time for Universal Masking of the Public for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Is Now. Open forum infectious diseases 2020. PMID: 32346544


  141. Drain P, Ngure K, Mugo N, Spinelli M, Chatterjee P, Bacchetti P, Glidden D, Baeten J, Gandhi M. Testing a Real-Time Tenofovir Urine Adherence Assay for Monitoring and Providing Feedback to Preexposure Prophylaxis in Kenya (PUMA): Protocol for a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR research protocols 2020. PMID: 32238341


  142. Ascher SB, Scherzer R, Estrella MM, Shigenaga J, Spaulding KA, Glidden DV, Mehrotra ML, Defechereux P, Gandhi M, Grant RM, Shlipak MG, Jotwani V. HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine and changes in kidney function and tubular health. AIDS (London, England) 2019. PMID: 31794523


  143. Spinelli MA, Laborde N, Kinley P, Whitacre R, Scott HM, Walker N, Liu AY, Gandhi M, Buchbinder SP. Missed opportunities to prevent HIV infections among pre-exposure prophylaxis users: a population-based mixed methods study, San Francisco, United States. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2020. PMID: 32294338


  144. Wasserman S, Huo S, Ky K, Malig YN, Esmail A, Dheda K, Bacchetti P, Gerona R, Maartens G, Gandhi M, Metcalfe J. CORRELATION OF LINEZOLID HAIR CONCENTRATIONS WITH PLASMA EXPOSURE IN PATIENTS WITH DRUG-RESISTANT TB. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy 2020. PMID: 31932382


  145. Koss CA, Charlebois ED, Ayieko J, Kwarisiima D, Kabami J, Balzer LB, Atukunda M, Mwangwa F, Peng J, Mwinike Y, Owaraganise A, Chamie G, Jain V, Sang N, Olilo W, Brown LB, Marquez C, Zhang K, Ruel TD, Camlin CS, Rooney JF, Black D, Clark TD, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV. Uptake, engagement, and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis offered after population HIV testing in rural Kenya and Uganda: 72-week interim analysis of observational data from the SEARCH study. The lancet. HIV 2020. PMID: 32087152


  146. Gandhi M, Wang G, King R, Rodrigues WC, Vincent M, Glidden DV, Cressey TR, Bacchetti P, Spinellii MA, Okochi H, Siriprakaisil O, Klinbuayaem V, Mugo NR, Ngure K, Drain PK, Baeten JM. Development and Validation of the First Point-of-Care Assay to Objectively Monitor Adherence to HIV Treatment and Prevention in Real-Time in Routine Settings. AIDS (London, England) 2019. PMID: 31634188


  147. Saberi P, Chakravarty D, Ming K, Legnitto D, Gandhi M, Johnson MO, Neilands TB. Moving Antiretroviral Adherence Assessments to the Modern Era: Correlations Among Three Novel Measures of Adherence. AIDS and behavior 2019. PMID: 31758349


  148. Greene M, Myers J, Tan JY, Blat C, O'Hollaren A, Quintanilla F, Hsue P, Shiels M, Hicks ML, Olson B, Grochowski J, Oskarsson J, Havlir D, Gandhi M. The Golden Compass Program: Overview of the Initial Implementation of a Comprehensive Program for Older Adults Living with HIV. Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care 2020. PMID: 32715875


  149. Hill LM, Golin CE, Pack A, Carda-Auten J, Wallace DD, Cherkur S, Farel CE, Rosen EP, Gandhi M, Asher Prince HM, Kashuba ADM. Using Real-Time Adherence Feedback to Enhance Communication About Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy: Patient and Clinician Perspectives. The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC 2019. PMID: 31033629


  150. Carrico AW, Neilands TB, Dilworth SE, Evans JL, G?mez W, Jain JP, Gandhi M, Shoptaw S, Horvath KJ, Coffin L, Discepola MV, Andrews R, Woods WJ, Feaster DJ, Moskowitz JT. Randomized controlled trial of a positive affect intervention to reduce HIV viral load among sexual minority men who use methamphetamine. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2019. PMID: 31860172


  151. Scott HM, Spinelli M, Vittinghoff E, Morehead-Gee A, Hirozawa A, James C, Hammer H, Liu A, Gandhi M, Buchbinder S. Racial/Ethnic and HIV risk category disparities in PrEP discontinuation among patients in publicly-funded primary care clinics. AIDS (London, England) 2019. PMID: 31436610


  152. Fulcher JA, Li F, Cook RR, Zabih S, Louie A, Okochi H, Tobin NH, Gandhi M, Shoptaw S, Gorbach PM, Aldrovandi GM. Rectal Microbiome Alterations Associated With Oral Human Immunodeficiency Virus Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis. Open forum infectious diseases 2019. PMID: 32258202


  153. Velloza J, Bacchetti P, Hendrix CW, Murnane P, Hughes JP, Li M, Curlin M, Holtz TH, Mannheimer S, Marzinke MA, Amico KR, Liu A, Piwowar-Manning E, Eshleman SH, Dye BJ, Gandhi M, Grant RM. Short and long-term pharmacologic measures of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis use among high-risk men who have sex with men in HPTN 067/ADAPT. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2019. PMID: 31335588


  154. Gandhi M, Smeaton LM, Vernon C, Scully EP, Gianella S, Poongulali S, Sheth AN, Van Schalkwyk M, Klingman KL, Short WR, Opollo VS, Cohn SE, Scarsi KK, Firnhaber C, Bares S, Swaminathan S, Mngqibisa R, Connick E. Low rate of sex-specific analyses in presentations at the Conference of Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) meeting, 2018: Room to improve. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2019. PMID: 31021991


  155. Murnane PM, Bacchetti P, Currier JS, Brummel S, Okochi H, Phung N, Louie A, Kuncze K, Hoffman RM, Nematadzira T, Soko DK, Owor M, Saidi F, Flynn PM, Fowler MG, Gandhi M. Tenofovir concentrations in hair strongly predict virologic suppression in breastfeeding women. AIDS (London, England) 2019. PMID: 31021852


  156. Gerona R, Wen A, Aguilar D, Shum J, Reckers A, Bacchetti P, Gandhi M, Metcalfe J. Simultaneous analysis of 11 medications for drug resistant TB in small hair samples to quantify adherence and exposure using a validated LC-MS/MS panel. Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 2019. PMID: 31369929


  157. Spinelli MA, Glidden DV, Anderson PL, Gandhi M, McMahan VM, Defechereux P, Schechter M, Veloso VG, Chariyalertsak S, Guanira JV, Bekker LG, Buchbinder S, Grant RM. Impact of Estimated PrEP Adherence Patterns on Bone Mineral Density in a Large PrEP Demonstration Project. AIDS research and human retroviruses 2019. PMID: 31119944


  158. Spinelli MA, Glidden DV, Anderson PL, Gandhi M, Cohen S, Vittinghoff E, Coleman ME, Scott H, Bacon O, Elion R, Kolber MA, Buchbinder SP, Liu AY. Brief Report: Short-Term Adherence Marker to PrEP Predicts Future Nonretention in a Large PrEP Demo Project: Implications for Point-of-Care Adherence Testing. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2019. PMID: 31095005


  159. Mira Wang, Josh Miller, Shalean Collins, Marianne Santoso, Pauline Wekesa, Maricianah Onono, Monica Gandhi, Sera Young. Increased Social Support Mitigates the Negative Impact of Food Insecurity on Antiretroviral Adherence Among Postpartum Women in Western Kenya (P04-126-19). Current developments in nutrition 2019. PMID:


  160. Gandhi M, Devi S, Bacchetti P, Chandy S, Heylen E, Phung N, Kuncze K, Okochi H, Kumar R, Kurpad AV, Ekstrand ML. Measuring adherence to antiretroviral therapy via hair concentrations in India. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2019. PMID: 30865182


  161. Camlin CS, Akullian A, Neilands TB, Getahun M, Bershteyn A, Ssali S, Geng E, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Maeri I, Eyul P, Petersen ML, Havlir DV, Kamya MR, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED. Gendered dimensions of population mobility associated with HIV across three epidemics in rural Eastern Africa. Health & place 2019. PMID: 31152972


  162. Nwogu JN, Babalola CP, Ngene SO, Taiwo BO, Berzins B, Gandhi M. Willingness to Donate Hair Samples for Research Among People Living with HIV/AIDS Attending a Tertiary Health Facility in Ibadan, Nigeria. AIDS research and human retroviruses 2019. PMID: 31044607


  163. Hojilla JC, Satre DD, Glidden DV, McMahan VM, Gandhi M, Defechereux P, Guanira JV, Mehrotra M, Grant RM, Carrico AW. Cocaine Use and Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis: Adherence, Care Engagement, and Kidney Function. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2019. PMID: 30730359


  164. Gandhi M, Bacchetti P, SpinelliI MA, Okochi H, Baeten JM, Siriprakaisil O, Klinbuayaem V, Rodrigues WC, Wang G, Vincent M, Cressey TR, Drain PK. Validation of a Urine Tenofovir Immunoassay for Adherence Monitoring to PrEP and ART and Establishing the Cut-Off for a Point-of-Care Test. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2019. PMID: 30664078


  165. Metcalfe J, Bacchetti P, Gerona R, Esmail A, Dheda K, Gandhi M. Association of anti-tuberculosis drug concentrations in hair and treatment outcomes in MDR- and XDR-TB. ERJ open research 2019. PMID: 31041318


  166. Gandhi M, Spinelli MA, Mayer KH. Addressing the Sexually Transmitted Infection and HIV Syndemic. JAMA 2019. PMID: 30964514


  167. Spinelli MA, Glidden DV, Rodrigues WC, Wang G, Vincent M, Okochi H, Kuncze K, Mehrotra M, Defechereux P, Buchbinder SP, Grant RM, Gandhi M. Low tenofovir level in urine by a novel immunoassay is associated with seroconversion in a PrEP demonstration project. AIDS (London, England) 2018. PMID: 30649051


  168. Coffey S, Bacchetti P, Sachdev D, Bacon O, Jones D, Ospina-Norvell C, Torres S, Lynch E, Camp C, Mercer-Slomoff R, Lee S, Christopoulos K, Pilcher C, Hsu L, Jin C, Scheer S, Havlir D, Gandhi M. RAPID antiretroviral therapy: high virologic suppression rates with immediate antiretroviral therapy initiation in a vulnerable urban clinic population. AIDS (London, England) 2019. PMID: 30882490


  169. Clemenzi-Allen A, Neuhaus J, Geng E, Sachdev D, Buchbinder S, Havlir D, Gandhi M, Christopoulos K. Housing Instability Results in Increased Acute Care Utilization in an Urban HIV Clinic Cohort. Open forum infectious diseases 2019. PMID: 31139668


  170. Scully EP, Gandhi M, Johnston R, Hoh R, Lockhart A, Dobrowolski C, Pagliuzza A, Milush JM, Baker CA, Girling V, Ellefson A, Gorelick R, Lifson J, Altfeld M, Alter G, Cedars M, Solomon A, Lewin SR, Karn J, Chomont N, Bacchetti P, Deeks SG. Sex-Based Differences in HIV-1 Reservoir Activity and Residual Immune Activation. The Journal of infectious diseases 2018. PMID: 30371873


  171. Gandhi M, Ofokotun I, Bacchetti P, Jin C, Ribaudo HJ, Haas DW, Sheth AN, Horng H, Phung N, Kuncze K, Okochi H, Landovitz RJ, Lennox J, Currier JS. Antiretroviral concentrations in hair strongly predict virologic response in a large HIV treatment-naive clinical trial. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2018. PMID: 30184104


  172. Clemenzi-Allen A, Hartogensis W, Cohen SE, Gandhi M, Geng E, Christopoulos K. Evaluating the Impact of Housing Status on Gonorrhea and Chlamydia Screening in an HIV Primary Care Setting. Sexually transmitted diseases 2018. PMID: 30383619


  173. Spinelli MA, Scott HM, Vittinghoff E, Liu AY, Gonzalez R, Morehead-Gee A, Gandhi M, Buchbinder SP. Missed Visits Associated With Future Preexposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Discontinuation Among PrEP Users in a Municipal Primary Care Health Network. Open forum infectious diseases 2019. PMID: 30949540


  174. Saberi P, Ming K, Legnitto D, Neilands TB, Gandhi M, Johnson MO. Feasibility and acceptability of novel methods to estimate antiretroviral adherence: A longitudinal study. PloS one 2019. PMID: 30645641


  175. Pack AP, Golin CE, Hill LM, Carda-Auten J, Wallace DD, Cherkur S, Farel CE, Rosen EP, Gandhi M, Asher Prince HM, Kashuba ADM. Patient and clinician perspectives on optimizing graphical displays of longitudinal medication adherence data. Patient education and counseling 2019. PMID: 30626550


  176. Gandhi M, Raj T, Fernandez R, Rispel L, Nxumalo N, Lescano AG, Bukusi EA, Mmbaga BT, Heimburger DC, Cohen CR. Mentoring the Mentors: Implementation and Evaluation of Four Fogarty-Sponsored Mentoring Training Workshops in Low-and Middle-Income Countries. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 2019. PMID: 30430977


  177. Greene ML, Tan JY, Weiser SD, Christopoulos K, Shiels M, O'Hollaren A, Mureithi E, Meissner L, Havlir D, Gandhi M. Patient and provider perceptions of a comprehensive care program for HIV-positive adults over 50 years of age: The formation of the Golden Compass HIV and aging care program in San Francisco. PloS one 2018. PMID: 30517193


  178. Cohen SE, Sachdev D, Lee SA, Scheer S, Bacon O, Chen MJ, Okochi H, Anderson PL, Kearney MF, Coffey S, Scott H, Grant RM, Havlir D, Gandhi M. Acquisition of tenofovir-susceptible, emtricitabine-resistant HIV despite high adherence to daily pre-exposure prophylaxis: a case report. The lancet. HIV 2018. PMID: 30503324


  179. Stephanie E Cohen, Darpun Sachdev, Sulggi Lee, Susan Scheer, Oliver Bacon, Miao-Jung Chen, Clarissa Ospina Norvell, Hideaki Okochi, Peter Anderson, Susa Coffey, Hyman Scott, Diane Havlir, Monica Gandhi. 1298. Acquisition of TDF-Susceptible HIV Despite High Level Adherence to Daily TDF/FTC PrEP as Measured by Dried Blood Spot (DBS) and Segmental Hair Analysis: A Case Report. Open forum infectious diseases 2018. PMID:


  180. Matthew A Spinelli, Hyman Scott, Eric Vittinghoff, Albert Y Liu, Kenneth Coleman, Monica Gandhi, Susan P Buchbinder. 2272. High Interest in Doxycycline for Sexually Transmitted Infection Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (Doxy-PEP) in a Multi-city Survey of Men Having Sex With Men (MSM) Using a Social-Networking App. Open forum infectious diseases 2018. PMID:


  181. Spinelli MA, Scott HM, Vittinghoff E, Liu AY, Morehead-Gee A, Gonzalez R, Gandhi M, Buchbinder SP. Brief Report: A Panel Management and Patient Navigation Intervention Is Associated With Earlier PrEP Initiation in a Safety-Net Primary Care Health System. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2018. PMID: 30085955


  182. Koss CA, Liu AY, Castillo-Mancilla J, Bacchetti P, McHugh C, Kuncze K, Morrow M, Louie A, Seifert S, Okochi H, MaWhinney S, Gandhi M, Anderson PL. Similar tenofovir hair concentrations in men and women after directly observed dosing of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine: implications for preexposure prophylaxis adherence monitoring. AIDS (London, England) 2018. PMID: 30212404


  183. Colby DJ, Kroon E, Sacdalan C, Gandhi M, Grant RM, Phanuphak P, Ananworanich J, Robb ML, Phanuphak N. Acquisition of Multidrug-Resistant Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection in a Patient Taking Preexposure Prophylaxis. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2018. PMID: 29961859


  184. Gandhi M, Bacchetti P, Rodrigues WC, Spinelli M, Koss CA, Drain PK, Baeten JM, Mugo NR, Ngure K, Benet LZ, Okochi H, Wang G, Vincent M. Development and Validation of an Immunoassay for Tenofovir in Urine as a Real-Time Metric of Antiretroviral Adherence. EClinicalMedicine 2018. PMID: 30906930


  185. Das B, Dobrowolski C, Luttge B, Valadkhan S, Chomont N, Johnston R, Bacchetti P, Hoh R, Gandhi M, Deeks SG, Scully E, Karn J. Estrogen receptor-1 is a key regulator of HIV-1 latency that imparts gender-specific restrictions on the latent reservoir. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2018. PMID: 30061382


  186. Camlin CS, Akullian A, Neilands TB, Getahun M, Eyul P, Maeri I, Ssali S, Geng E, Gandhi M, Cohen CR, Kamya MR, Odeny T, Bukusi EA, Charlebois ED. Population mobility associated with higher risk sexual behaviour in eastern African communities participating in a Universal Testing and Treatment trial. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2018. PMID: 30027668


  187. Gandhi M, Gandhi RT, Stefanescu A, Bosch RJ, Cyktor JC, Horng H, Louie A, Phung N, Eron JJ, Hogg E, Macatangay BJC, Hensel C, Fletcher CV, Mellors JW, McMahon DK. Cumulative Antiretroviral Exposure Measured in Hair Is Not Associated With Measures of HIV Persistence or Inflammation Among Individuals on Suppressive ART. The Journal of infectious diseases 2018. PMID: 29529230


  188. Saberi P, Ming K, Legnitto D, Neilands TB, Gandhi M, Johnson MO. Novel methods to estimate antiretroviral adherence: protocol for a longitudinal study. Patient preference and adherence 2018. PMID: 29950816


  189. Tabb ZJ, Mmbaga BT, Gandhi M, Louie A, Kuncze K, Okochi H, Shayo AM, Turner EL, Cunningham CK, Dow DE. Antiretroviral drug concentrations in hair are associated with virologic outcomes among young people living with HIV in Tanzania. AIDS (London, England) 2018. PMID: 29438196


  190. Jotwani V, Scherzer R, Glidden DV, Mehrotra M, Defechereux P, Liu A, Gandhi M, Bennett M, Coca SG, Parikh CR, Grant RM, Shlipak MG. Pre-exposure Prophylaxis With Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate/Emtricitabine and Kidney Tubular Dysfunction in HIV-Uninfected Individuals. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2018. PMID: 29767638


  191. Thaden JT, Gandhi M, Okochi H, Hurt CB, McKellar MS. Seroconversion on preexposure prophylaxis: a case report with segmental hair analysis for timed adherence determination. AIDS (London, England) 2018. PMID: 29683856


  192. Greene M, Hessol NA, Perissinotto C, Zepf R, Hutton Parrott A, Foreman C, Whirry R, Gandhi M, John M. Loneliness in Older Adults Living with HIV. AIDS and behavior 2018. PMID: 29151199


  193. Abaasa A, Hendrix C, Gandhi M, Anderson P, Kamali A, Kibengo F, Sanders EJ, Mutua G, Bumpus NN, Priddy F, Haberer JE. Utility of Different Adherence Measures for PrEP: Patterns and Incremental Value. AIDS and behavior 2018. PMID: 29090394


  194. Phung N, Kuncze K, Okochi H, Louie A, Benet LZ, Ofokotun I, Haas DW, Currier JS, Chawana TD, Sheth AN, Bacchetti P, Gandhi M, Horng H. Development and validation of an assay to analyze atazanavir in human hair via liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM 2018. PMID: 29315954


  195. Clemenzi-Allen A, Geng E, Christopoulos K, Hammer H, Buchbinder S, Havlir D, Gandhi M. Degree of Housing Instability Shows Independent "Dose-Response" With Virologic Suppression Rates Among People Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Open forum infectious diseases 2018. PMID: 29577059


  196. Seifert SM, Castillo-Mancilla JR, Erlandson K, Morrow M, Gandhi M, Kuncze K, Horng H, Zheng JH, Bushman LR, Kiser JJ, MaWhinney S, Anderson PL. Brief Report: Adherence Biomarker Measurements in Older and Younger HIV-Infected Adults Receiving Tenofovir-Based Therapy. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2018. PMID: 29189417


  197. Angell B, Ali F, Gandhi M, Mathur U, Friedman DS, Jan S, Keay L. Ready-made and custom-made eyeglasses in India: a cost-effectiveness analysis of a randomised controlled trial. BMJ open ophthalmology 2018. PMID: 29657979


  198. Saberi P, Berrean B, Thomas S, Gandhi M, Scott H. A Simple Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Optimization Intervention for Health Care Providers Prescribing PrEP: Pilot Study. JMIR formative research 2018. PMID: 30637375


  199. Baxi SM, Vittinghoff E, Bacchetti P, Huang Y, Chillag K, Wiegand R, Anderson PL, Grant R, Greenblatt RM, Buchbinder S, Gandhi M, Liu AY. Comparing pharmacologic measures of tenofovir exposure in a U.S. pre-exposure prophylaxis randomized trial. PloS one 2018. PMID: 29315307


  200. Koss CA, Hosek SG, Bacchetti P, Anderson PL, Liu AY, Horng H, Benet LZ, Kuncze K, Louie A, Saberi P, Wilson CM, Gandhi M. Comparison of Measures of Adherence to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Preexposure Prophylaxis Among Adolescent and Young Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United States. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2018. PMID: 29020194


  201. Cohn SE, Chappell C, Gandhi M.. Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Women. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Women. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 2018. PMID:


  202. Mave V, Kinikar A, Kagal A, Nimkar S, Koli H, Khwaja S, Bharadwaj R, Gerona R, Wen A, Ramachandran G, Kumar H, Bacchetti P, Dooley KE, Gupte N, Gupta A, Gandhi M. Isoniazid concentrations in hair and plasma area-under-the-curve exposure among children with tuberculosis. PloS one 2017. PMID: 29216273


  203. Pintye J, Bacchetti P, Teeraananchai S, Kerr S, Prasitsuebsai W, Singtoroj T, Kuncze K, Louie A, Koss CA, Jin C, Phung N, Horng H, Sohn AH, Gandhi M. Brief Report: Lopinavir Hair Concentrations Are the Strongest Predictor of Viremia in HIV-Infected Asian Children and Adolescents on Second-Line Antiretroviral Therapy. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2017. PMID: 28825944


  204. Markowitz M, Grossman H, Anderson PL, Grant R, Gandhi M, Horng H, Mohri H. Newly Acquired Infection With Multidrug-Resistant HIV-1 in a Patient Adherent to Preexposure Prophylaxis. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2017. PMID: 29076941


  205. Saberi P, Neilands TB, Ming K, Johnson MO, Kuncze K, Koss CA, Gandhi M. Strong Correlation Between Concentrations of Antiretrovirals in Home-Collected and Study-Collected Hair Samples: Implications for Adherence Monitoring. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2017. PMID: 28657913


  206. McNicholl IR, Gandhi M, Hare CB, Greene M, Pierluissi E. A Pharmacist-Led Program to Evaluate and Reduce Polypharmacy and Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing in Older HIV-Positive Patients. Pharmacotherapy 2017. PMID: 29023938


  207. Braun HM, Segura ER, Lake JE, Gandhi M, Rios J, Villaran MV, Sanchez J, Lama JR, Clark JL. Individual and partnership factors associated with anticipated versus actual partner notification following STI diagnosis among men who have sex with men and/or with transgender women in Lima, Peru. Sexually transmitted infections 2017. PMID: 29191814


  208. Gandhi M, Murnane PM, Bacchetti P, Elion R, Kolber MA, Cohen SE, Horng H, Louie A, Kuncze K, Koss CA, Anderson PL, Buchbinder S, Liu A. Hair levels of preexposure prophylaxis drugs measure adherence and are associated with renal decline among men/transwomen. AIDS (London, England) 2017. PMID: 28832411


  209. Metcalfe J, Gerona R, Wen A, Bacchetti P, Gandhi M. An LC-MS/MS-based method to analyze the anti-tuberculosis drug bedaquiline in hair. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2017. PMID: 28826458


  210. Chawana TD, Gandhi M, Nathoo K, Ngara B, Louie A, Horng H, Katzenstein D, Metcalfe J, Nhachi CFB. Defining a Cutoff for Atazanavir in Hair Samples Associated With Virological Failure Among Adolescents Failing Second-Line Antiretroviral Treatment. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2017. PMID: 28520618


  211. Markowitz M, Grossman H, Anderson PL, Grant R, Gandhi M, Horng H, Mohri H. Newly Acquired Infection with Multi-Drug Resistant HIV-1 in a Patient Adherent to Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2017. PMID: 28857937


  212. Gustafson DR, Shi Q, Holman S, Minkoff H, Cohen MH, Plankey MW, Havlik R, Sharma A, Gange S, Gandhi M, Milam J, Hoover DR. Predicting death over 8 years in a prospective cohort of HIV-infected women: the Women's Interagency HIV Study. BMJ open 2017. PMID: 28667199


  213. Gwadz MV, Collins LM, Cleland CM, Leonard NR, Wilton L, Gandhi M, Scott Braithwaite R, Perlman DC, Kutnick A, Ritchie AS. Using the multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) to optimize an HIV care continuum intervention for vulnerable populations: a study protocol. BMC public health 2017. PMID: 28472928


  214. Christopoulos KA, Hartogensis W, Glidden DV, Pilcher CD, Gandhi M, Geng EH. Limitations of using the Lorenz curve framework to understand the distribution of population viral load: authors' reply. Volume 31 of Issue 5. AIDS (London, England) 2017. PMID: 28225455


  215. Koss CA, Bacchetti P, Hillier SL, Livant E, Horng H, Mgodi N, Mirembe BG, Gomez Feliciano K, Horn S, Liu AY, Glidden DV, Grant RM, Benet LZ, Louie A, van der Straten A, Chirenje ZM, Marrazzo JM, Gandhi M. Differences in Cumulative Exposure and Adherence to Tenofovir in the VOICE, iPrEx OLE, and PrEP Demo Studies as Determined via Hair Concentrations. AIDS research and human retroviruses 2017. PMID: 28253024


  216. Christopoulos KA, Hartogensis W, Glidden DV, Pilcher CD, Gandhi M, Geng EH. The Lorenz curve: a novel method for understanding viral load distribution at the population level. Volume 31 of Issue 2. AIDS (London, England) 2017. PMID: 27831945


  217. Zachary Tabb, Blandina Mmbaga, Monica Gandhi, Alexander Louie, Karen Kuncze, Aisa Shayo, Elizabeth Turner, Coleen Cunningham, Dorothy Dow. Association of Self-Reported Adherence and Antiretroviral Drug Concentrations in Hair Among Youth with Virologic Failure in Tanzania. Open forum infectious diseases 2017. PMID:


  218. Pilcher CD, Ospina-Norvell C, Dasgupta A, Jones D, Hartogensis W, Torres S, Calderon F, Demicco E, Geng E, Gandhi M, Havlir DV, Hatano H. The Effect of Same-Day Observed Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy on HIV Viral Load and Treatment Outcomes in a US Public Health Setting. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2017. PMID: 27434707


  219. Shari L. Dworkin, Monica Gandhi, Paige Passano. Women's Empowerment and Global Health: A Twenty-First-Century Agenda Women's Empowerment and Global Health: A Twenty-First-Century Agenda 2016. PMID:


  220. Gandhi M, Johnson M. Creating More Effective Mentors: Mentoring the Mentor. AIDS and behavior 2016. PMID: 27039092


  221. Gandhi M, Glidden DV, Mayer K, Schechter M, Buchbinder S, Grinsztejn B, Hosek S, Casapia M, Guanira J, Bekker LG, Louie A, Horng H, Benet LZ, Liu A, Grant RM. Association of age, baseline kidney function, and medication exposure with declines in creatinine clearance on pre-exposure prophylaxis: an observational cohort study. The lancet. HIV 2016. PMID: 27658870


  222. John MD, Greene M, Hessol NA, Zepf R, Parrott AH, Foreman C, Bourgeois J, Gandhi M, Hare CB. Geriatric Assessments and Association With VACS Index Among HIV-Infected Older Adults in San Francisco. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2016. PMID: 27028497


  223. Gerona R, Wen A, Koss C, Bacchetti P, Gandhi M, Metcalfe J. A multi-analyte panel for non-invasive pharmacokinetic monitoring of second-line anti-tuberculosis drugs. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2016. PMID: 27287660


  224. Sheth AN, Rolle CP, Gandhi M. HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis for women. Journal of virus eradication 2016. PMID: 27482454


  225. Taylor TN, Munoz-Plaza CE, Goparaju L, Martinez O, Holman S, Minkoff HL, Karpiak SE, Gandhi M, Cohen MH, Golub ET, Levine AM, Adedimeji AA, Gonsalves R, Bryan T, Connors N, Schechter G, Wilson TE. "The Pleasure Is Better as I've Gotten Older": Sexual Health, Sexuality, and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Older Women Living With HIV. Archives of sexual behavior 2016. PMID: 27220311


  226. Gerona R, Wen A, Chin AT, Koss CA, Bacchetti P, Metcalfe J, Gandhi M. Quantifying Isoniazid Levels in Small Hair Samples: A Novel Method for Assessing Adherence during the Treatment of Latent and Active Tuberculosis. PloS one 2016. PMID: 27191185


  227. Hickey MD, Omollo D, Salmen CR, Mattah B, Blat C, Ouma GB, Fiorella KJ, Njoroge B, Gandhi M, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Geng EH. Movement between facilities for HIV care among a mobile population in Kenya: transfer, loss to follow-up, and reengagement. AIDS care 2016. PMID: 27145451


  228. Phuphanich M, Rattanamahattana M, Avihingsanon A, Chetchotisakd P, Putcharoen O, Gandhi M, Sohn AH, Imrie J, Phanuphak P, Kerr SJ. A qualitative assessment of barriers and facilitators to antiretroviral adherence in Thai patients. Journal of virus eradication 2016. PMID: 27482431


  229. Jonathan Karn, Biswajit Das, Curtis Dobrowolski, Yoelvis Garcia-Mesa, David Alvarez-Carbonell, Stephanie Milne, Eileen Scully, Steven Deeks, Monica Gandhi, Rowena Johnston. B-107 Distinct mechanisms of hormonal control of HIV latency in T-cells and microglial cells. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 2016. PMID:


  230. Salmen CR, Hickey MD, Fiorella KJ, Omollo D, Ouma G, Zoughbie D, Salmen MR, Magerenge R, Tessler R, Campbell H, Geng E, Gandhi M, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. "Wan Kanyakla" (We are together): Community transformations in Kenya following a social network intervention for HIV care. Social science & medicine (1982) 2015. PMID: 26638145


  231. J. Karn, B. Das, C. Dobrowolski, E. Scully, S.G. Deeks, M. Gandhi, R.E. Johnston. Estrogen potently blocks HIV re-emergence from latency and points to gender-specific differences in HIV reservoirs and novel cure strategies. Journal of virus eradication 2015. PMID:


  232. Patel RC, Onono M, Gandhi M, Blat C, Hagey J, Shade SB, Vittinghoff E, Bukusi EA, Newmann SJ, Cohen CR. Pregnancy rates in HIV-positive women using contraceptives and efavirenz-based or nevirapine-based antiretroviral therapy in Kenya: a retrospective cohort study. The lancet. HIV 2015. PMID: 26520927


  233. Gwadz M, Cleland CM, Applegate E, Belkin M, Gandhi M, Salomon N, Banfield A, Leonard N, Riedel M, Wolfe H, Pickens I, Bolger K, Bowens D, Perlman D, Mildvan D. Behavioral intervention improves treatment outcomes among HIV-infected individuals who have delayed, declined, or discontinued antiretroviral therapy: a randomized controlled trial of a novel intervention. AIDS and behavior 2015. PMID: 25835462


  234. Prasitsuebsai W, Kerr SJ, Truong KH, Ananworanich J, Do VC, Nguyen LV, Kurniati N, Kosalaraksa P, Sudjaritruk T, Chokephaibulkit K, Thammajaruk N, Singtoroj T, Teeraananchai S, Horng H, Bacchetti P, Gandhi M, Sohn AH. Using Lopinavir Concentrations in Hair Samples to Assess Treatment Outcomes on Second-Line Regimens Among Asian Children. AIDS research and human retroviruses 2015. PMID: 26200586


  235. Hickey MD, Salmen CR, Omollo D, Mattah B, Fiorella KJ, Geng EH, Bacchetti P, Blat C, Ouma GB, Zoughbie D, Tessler RA, Salmen MR, Campbell H, Gandhi M, Shade S, Njoroge B, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. Implementation and Operational Research: Pulling the Network Together: Quasiexperimental Trial of a Patient-Defined Support Network Intervention for Promoting Engagement in HIV Care and Medication Adherence on Mfangano Island, Kenya. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2015. PMID: 25984711


  236. Sheth A and Gandhi M. July 2015. HIV Prevention among Women: Current and Future Challenges. HIV Specialist HIV Prevention among Women: Current and Future Challenges. HIV Specialist. 2015. PMID:


  237. Havlir D, Gandhi M. Implementation challenges for long-acting antivirals as treatment. Current opinion in HIV and AIDS 2015. PMID: 26049955


  238. Baxi SM, Greenblatt RM, Bacchetti P, Jin C, French AL, Keller MJ, Augenbraun MH, Gange SJ, Liu C, Mack WJ, Gandhi M. Nevirapine Concentration in Hair Samples Is a Strong Predictor of Virologic Suppression in a Prospective Cohort of HIV-Infected Patients. PloS one 2015. PMID: 26053176


  239. Taylor TN, Weedon J, Golub ET, Karpiak SE, Gandhi M, Cohen MH, Levine AM, Minkoff HL, Adedimeji AA, Goparaju L, Holman S, Wilson TE. Longitudinal Trends in Sexual Behaviors with Advancing Age and Menopause Among Women With and Without HIV-1 Infection. AIDS and behavior 2015. PMID: 25245474


  240. Koss CA, Natureeba P, Mwesigwa J, Cohan D, Nzarubara B, Bacchetti P, Horng H, Clark TD, Plenty A, Ruel TD, Achan J, Charlebois ED, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Gandhi M. Hair concentrations of antiretrovirals predict viral suppression in HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding Ugandan women. AIDS (London, England) 2015. PMID: 25985404


  241. Gandhi M, Glidden DV, Liu A, Anderson PL, Horng H, Defechereux P, Guanira JV, Grinsztejn B, Chariyalertsak S, Bekker LG, Grant RM. Strong Correlation Between Concentrations of Tenofovir (TFV) Emtricitabine (FTC) in Hair and TFV Diphosphate and FTC Triphosphate in Dried Blood Spots in the iPrEx Open Label Extension: Implications for Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Adherence Monitoring. The Journal of infectious diseases 2015. PMID: 25895984


  242. Cohan D, Natureeba P, Koss CA, Plenty A, Luwedde F, Mwesigwa J, Ades V, Charlebois ED, Gandhi M, Clark TD, Nzarubara B, Achan J, Ruel T, Kamya MR, Havlir DV. Efficacy and safety of lopinavir/ritonavir versus efavirenz-based antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected pregnant Ugandan women. AIDS (London, England) 2015. PMID: 25426808


  243. Baxi SM, Liu A, Bacchetti P, Mutua G, Sanders EJ, Kibengo FM, Haberer JE, Rooney J, Hendrix CW, Anderson PL, Huang Y, Priddy F, Gandhi M. Comparing the novel method of assessing PrEP adherence/exposure using hair samples to other pharmacologic and traditional measures. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2015. PMID: 25296098


  244. Wadhera P, Evans JL, Stein E, Gandhi M, Couture MC, Sansothy N, Sichan K, Maher L, Kaldor J, Page K. Human papillomavirus knowledge, vaccine acceptance, and vaccine series completion among female entertainment and sex workers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia: the Young Women's Health Study. International journal of STD & AIDS 2014. PMID: 25505042


  245. Olds PK, Kiwanuka JP, Nansera D, Huang Y, Bacchetti P, Jin C, Gandhi M, Haberer JE. Assessment of HIV antiretroviral therapy adherence by measuring drug concentrations in hair among children in rural Uganda. AIDS care 2014. PMID: 25483955


  246. Gandhi M, Gandhi RT. Single-pill regimens for HIV-1 infection. The New England journal of medicine 2014. PMID: 25372099


  247. Johnson MO, Gandhi M. A mentor training program improves mentoring competency for researchers working with early-career investigators from underrepresented backgrounds. Advances in health sciences education : theory and practice 2014. PMID: 25274417


  248. Gandhi M, Gandhi RT. Single-pill combination regimens for treatment of HIV-1 infection. The New England journal of medicine 2014. PMID: 25014689


  249. Hickey MD, Salmen CR, Tessler RA, Omollo D, Bacchetti P, Magerenge R, Mattah B, Salmen MR, Zoughbie D, Fiorella KJ, Geng E, Njoroge B, Jin C, Huang Y, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR, Gandhi M. Antiretroviral concentrations in small hair samples as a feasible marker of adherence in rural Kenya. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2014. PMID: 24694932


  250. Scherzer R, Gandhi M, Estrella MM, Tien PC, Deeks SG, Grunfeld C, Peralta CA, Shlipak MG. A chronic kidney disease risk score to determine tenofovir safety in a prospective cohort of HIV-positive male veterans. AIDS (London, England) 2014. PMID: 24922479


  251. Gandhi M, Fernandez A, Stoff DM, Narahari S, Blank M, Fuchs J, Evans CH, Kahn JS, Johnson MO. Development and implementation of a workshop to enhance the effectiveness of mentors working with diverse mentees in HIV research. AIDS research and human retroviruses 2014. PMID: 24735004


  252. Hessol NA, Weber KM, D'Souza G, Burton D, Young M, Milam J, Murchison L, Gandhi M, Cohen MH. Smoking cessation and recidivism in the Women's Interagency Human Immunodeficiency Virus Study. American journal of preventive medicine 2014. PMID: 24746376


  253. Liu AY, Yang Q, Huang Y, Bacchetti P, Anderson PL, Jin C, Goggin K, Stojanovski K, Grant R, Buchbinder SP, Greenblatt RM, Gandhi M. Strong relationship between oral dose and tenofovir hair levels in a randomized trial: hair as a potential adherence measure for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PloS one 2014. PMID: 24421901


  254. Baxi SM, Greenblatt RM, Bacchetti P, Scherzer R, Minkoff H, Huang Y, Anastos K, Cohen M, Gange SJ, Young M, Shlipak MG, Gandhi M. Common clinical conditions - age, low BMI, ritonavir use, mild renal impairment - affect tenofovir pharmacokinetics in a large cohort of HIV-infected women. AIDS (London, England) 2014. PMID: 24275255


  255. Malcolm John, Nancy Hessol, C. Bradley Hare, Catherine Lyons, Roland Zepf, Terrence Marcotte, Amanda Hutton Parrott, Robert Whirry, Cameron Foreman, Monica Gandhi, Meredith Greene. 1607Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS) Index, Functional Status, and Other Patient Reported Outcomes in Older HIV-positive (HIV+) Adults. Open forum infectious diseases 2014. PMID:


  256. Gandhi M, Yang Q, Bacchetti P, Huang Y. Short communication: A low-cost method for analyzing nevirapine levels in hair as a marker of adherence in resource-limited settings. AIDS research and human retroviruses 2013. PMID: 24164410


  257. McFall AM, Dowdy DW, Zelaya CE, Murphy K, Wilson TE, Young MA, Gandhi M, Cohen MH, Golub ET, Althoff KN. Understanding the disparity: predictors of virologic failure in women using highly active antiretroviral therapy vary by race and/or ethnicity. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2013. PMID: 23797695


  258. Murphy K, Hoover DR, Shi Q, Cohen M, Gandhi M, Golub ET, Gustafson DR, Pearce CL, Young M, Anastos K. Association of self-reported race with AIDS death in continuous HAART users in a cohort of HIV-infected women in the United States. AIDS (London, England) 2013. PMID: 24037210


  259. Bartelink IH, Savic RM, Mwesigwa J, Achan J, Clark T, Plenty A, Charlebois E, Kamya M, Young SL, Gandhi M, Havlir D, Cohan D, Aweeka F. Pharmacokinetics of lopinavir/ritonavir and efavirenz in food insecure HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women in Tororo, Uganda. Journal of clinical pharmacology 2013. PMID: 24038035


  260. Baxi SM, Greenblatt RM, Bacchetti P, Schwerzer R, Minkoff H, Huang Y, Anastos K, Cohen M, Gange SJ, Young M, Shlipak MS, Gandhi M. Common Clinical Conditions - Age, Low BMI, Ritonavir Use, Mild Renal Impairment - Affect Tenofovir Pharmacokinetics in a Large Cohort of HIV-Infected Women. AIDS (in press) Common Clinical Conditions - Age, Low BMI, Ritonavir Use, Mild Renal Impairment - Affect Tenofovir Pharmacokinetics in a Large Cohort of HIV-Infected Women. AIDS (in press) 2013. PMID:


  261. Gandhi M, Mwesigwa J, Aweeka F, Plenty A, Charlebois E, Ruel TD, Huang Y, Clark T, Ades V, Natureeba P, Luwedde FA, Achan J, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Cohan D. Hair and Plasma Data Show that Lopinavir, Ritonavir and Efavirenz All Transfer from Mother to Infant in Utero, but only Efavirenz Transfers via Breastfeeding. JAIDS Aug 63(5): 578-584 Hair and Plasma Data Show that Lopinavir, Ritonavir and Efavirenz All Transfer from Mother to Infant in Utero, but only Efavirenz Transfers via Breastfeeding. JAIDS Aug 63(5): 578-584. 2013. PMID:


  262. Bartelink IH, Savic R, Mwesigwa J, Achan J, Clark T, Plenty A, Charlebois E, Kamya M, Young SL, Gandhi M, Havlir D, Cohan D, Aweeka F. Pharmacokinetics of lopinavir/ritonavir and efavirenz in malnourished HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women in Tororo, Uganda. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (in press) Pharmacokinetics of lopinavir/ritonavir and efavirenz in malnourished HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women in Tororo, Uganda. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (in press) 2013. PMID:


  263. Gandhi M, Mwesigwa J, Aweeka F, Plenty A, Charlebois E, Ruel TD, Huang Y, Clark T, Ades V, Natureeba P, Luwedde FA, Achan J, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Cohan D. Hair and plasma data show that lopinavir, ritonavir, and efavirenz all transfer from mother to infant in utero, but only efavirenz transfers via breastfeeding. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2013. PMID: 24135775


  264. Koita K, Novotny J, Kunene S, Zulu Z, Ntshalintshali N, Gandhi M, Gosling R. Targeting imported malaria through social networks: a potential strategy for malaria elimination in Swaziland. Malaria journal 2013. PMID: 23805843


  265. Oboho I, Abraham AG, Benning L, Anastos K, Sharma A, Young M, Burian P, Gandhi M, Cohen M, Szczech L. Tenofovir use and urinary biomarkers among HIV-infected women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2013. PMID: 23254151


  266. Dong M, Parsaik AK, Kremers W, Sun A, Dean P, Prieto M, Cosio FG, Gandhi MJ, Zhang L, Smyrk TC, Stegall MD, Kudva YC. Acute pancreas allograft rejection is associated with increased risk of graft failure in pancreas transplantation. American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons 2013. PMID: 23432918


  267. Baxi SM, Gandhi M. An Incidental Abscess in a Patient with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Infectious diseases in clinical practice (Baltimore, Md.) 2012. PMID: 25960626


  268. Baxi S and Gandhi M. Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice An Incidental Abscess in a Patient with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome 2012. PMID:


  269. . Kyrychenko, G. Dubynska, T. Koval, I. Kaidashev, V. Korshenko, K. Rono, H. Kibuuka, L. Maganga, J. Kosgei, A. Sekiziyivu, E. Sanga, E. Ngetich, A. Bolen Valenzuela, N. Michael, M. Robb, M. Markowitz, T. Evering, A. Figueroa, K. Rodriguez, M. La Mar, D. Garmon, V. Sahi, H. Mohri, A. Asher, G.-M. Santos, E.K. Dokubo, J. Martin, S. Deeks, L. Tobler, M. Busch, P. Hunt, K. Page, R. Weber, C. Smith, S. Mannheimer, L. Wang, H.V. Tieu, C. del Rio, S. Buchbinder, L. Wilton, S. Glick, V. Cummings, K.H. Mayer, A. Hutchinson, S. Sansom, P. Farnham, R. Davis, S. Dzoro, S. Moyo, S. Gaseitsiwe, R. Musonda, V. Novitsky, M. Essex, K. Ouma, S. Basavaraju, J. Okonji, J. Williamson, L. Mills, C. Zeh, S. Vallabhaneni, S. Chandy, E. Heylen, M.L. Ekstrand, J. Manasa, N. McGrath, R. Lessells, A. Skingsley, M.-L. Newell, T. de Oliveira, H. Rawizza, B. Chaplin, S. Meloni, P. Okonkwo, P. Kanki, H. Gale, S. Gitterman, F. Gordin, D. Benator, V. Kan, D. Meya, R. Rajasingham, M. Rolfes, K. Birkenkamp, D. Boulware, P. Bulterys, T. Le, V.M. Quang, K. Nelson, J. Lloyd-Smith, A.F. Luetkemeyer, S.L. Rosenkranz, D. Lu, P.S. Lizak, P. Ive, S. Swindells, C.A. Benson, B. Grinsztejn, I.M. Sanne, D.V. Havlir, F. Aweeka, T. Sterling, C. Benson, N. Shang, J. Miro, B. Grinsztejn, R. Chaisson, A. Lucchetti, J. Sanchez, N. Scott, E. Villarino, H. McIlleron, N. Martinson, P. Denti, F. Mashabela, J. Hunt, S. Shembe, J. Hull, D.W. Haas, R. Msandiwa, S. Cohn, R. Chaisson, K.E. Dooley, D. Everitt, H. Winter, E. Egizi, D. Everitt, S. Murray, A. Diacon, R. Dawson, J. Hutchings, C. Van Niekerk, E. Egizi, P. Becker, J. Hafkin, C. Modongo, C. Newcomb, E. Lowenthal, R.R. MacGregor, A. Steenhoff, H. Friedman, G. Bisson, D. Fitzgerald, P. Jansen, C. Chipungu, V. Dindi, J. Fielder, C. Pfaff, H. Bygrave, S. Simons, D. Munyaradzi, B. Nyagadza, C. Metcalf, K. Ncube, S. Van Den Broucke, L. Mupfumi, P. Mason, S. Zinyowera, R. Mutetwa, R.S. Wallis, A.H. Diacon, R. Dawson, A. Venter, S.O. Friedrich, D. Paige, T. Zhu, A. Silvia, J. Gobey, C. Ellery, Y. Zhang, E. Kadyszewski, J.C.M. Brust, N.S. Shah, T.L. van der Merwe, S. Bamber, A. Mngadi, Y. Ning, M. Heo, A.P. Moll, M. Loveday, U.G. Lalloo, G.H. Friedland, N.R. Gandhi, C. Hawkins, B. Christian, J. Ye, T. Nagu, E. Aris, G. Chalamilla, D. Spiegelman, F. Mugusi, S. Mehta, W. Fawzi, V. Lo Re, J. Tate, M. Kallan, J. Lim, M. Goetz, M. Klein, D. Rimland, M. Rodriguez-Barradas, A. Butt, C. Gibert, S. Brown, J. Kostman, B. Strom, R. Reddy, A. Justice, R. Localio, V. Amorosa, T. Umbleja, V. Johnson, M. Kang, A. Luetkemeyer, M. Bardin, D. Haas, R. Chung, S. Yesmin, K. Coughlin, A. Martinez, M.B. Adams, B. Alston-Smith, P. Tebas, M. Peters, J. Kahn, J. Xu, B. Kapogiannis, B. Rudy, N. Liu, R. Gonin, C. Wilson, C. Worrell, K. Squires, E.M. Kojic, M. Cespedes, T. Umbleja, M. Kang, J. Aberg, R. Allen, B. Grinsztein, C. Firnhaber, J. Webster-Cyriaque, J.M. Palefsky, C. Godfrey, A.J. Saah, S. Cu-Uvin, M.X. Rangaka, A. Boulle, R.J. Wilkinson, G. van Cutsem, E. Goemaere, R. Goliath, R. Titus, S. Mathee, G. Maartens, A. Shet, S. Holla, V. Raman, C. Dinakar, M. Ashok, C. Dufouil, L. Richert, M. Bruyand, H. Amieva, F.-A. Dauchy, J.-F. Dartigues, D. Neau, F. Dabis, P. Morlat, F. Bonnet, G. Chene, M. Nigo, A. Walker, D. Lucido, A. Shah, M. Skliut, D. Mildvan, V. Sahasrabuddhe, P. Castle, S. Follansbee, S. Borgonovo, B. LaMere, D. Tokugawa, T. Darragh, S. Boyle, M. Sadorra, S. Tang, N. Wentzensen, A. Mills, D. Mildvan, D. Podzamczer, G. Fätkenheuer, M. Leal, S. Than, S.R. Valluri, C. Craig, M. Vourvahis, J. Heera, H. Valdez, T. Brown, A. Rinehart, S. Portsmouth, J. Gallant, E. Koenig, J. Andrade-Villanueva, P. Chetchotisakd, E. Dejesus, F. Antunes, K. Arastéh, G. Moyle, G. Rizzardini, J. Fehr, Y.-P. Liu, L. Zhong, C. Callebaut, S. Ramanathan, J. Szwarcberg, M. Rhee, A. Cheng, F. Palella, P. Tebas, B. Gazzard, P. Ruane, D. Shamblaw, J. Flamm, M. Fisher, J. van Lunzen, .... Track B Clinical Science. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012. PMID:


  270. Geng EH, Hare CB, Kahn JO, Jain V, Van Nunnery T, Christopoulos KA, Deeks SG, Gandhi M, Havlir DV. The effect of a "universal antiretroviral therapy" recommendation on HIV RNA levels among HIV-infected patients entering care with a CD4 count greater than 500/µL in a public health setting. Volume 55 of Issue 12. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2012. PMID: 22955429


  271. Gandhi M, Greenblatt RM, Bacchetti P, Jin C, Huang Y, Anastos K, Cohen M, Dehovitz JA, Sharp GB, Gange SJ, Liu C, Hanson SC, Aouizerat B. A single-nucleotide polymorphism in CYP2B6 leads to >3-fold increases in efavirenz concentrations in plasma and hair among HIV-infected women. The Journal of infectious diseases 2012. PMID: 22927450


  272. Brady CJ, Villanti AC, Gandhi M, Friedman DS, Keay L. Visual function after correction of distance refractive error with ready-made and custom spectacles: a randomized clinical trial. Ophthalmology 2012. PMID: 22705346


  273. Merenstein D, Wang C, Gandhi M, Robison E, Levine AM, Schwartz RM, Weber KM, Liu C. An investigation of the possible interaction between the use of Vitamin C and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) adherence and effectiveness in treated HIV+ women. Complementary therapies in medicine 2012. PMID: 22579434


  274. Ruth M. Greenblatt, Monica Gandhi. Chapter 39 Special issues regarding women with HIV infection. Sande\u0027s HIV/AIDS Medicine 2012. PMID:


  275. Greenblatt RM and Gandhi M.. Chapter 42. Special Issues Regarding Women with HIV Infection. In Sande’s HIV/AIDS Medicine: Medical Management of AIDS. Volberding P, Greene WC, Lange JMA, Sewankambo NK, Gallant JE (Eds) Chapter 42. Special Issues Regarding Women with HIV Infection. In Sande’s HIV/AIDS Medicine: Medical Management of AIDS. Volberding P, Greene WC, Lange JMA, Sewankambo NK, Gallant JE (Eds). 2012. PMID:


  276. Liu C, Wang C, Robison E, Levine AM, Gandhi M, Schwartz R, Weber KM, Merenstein D. Short-term garlic supplementation and highly active antiretroviral treatment adherence, CD4+ cell counts, and human immunodeficiency virus viral load. Alternative therapies in health and medicine 2012. PMID: 22516847


  277. Geng EH, Kahn JS, Chang OC, Hare CB, Christopoulos KA, Jones D, Petersen ML, Deeks SG, Havlir DV, Gandhi M. The effect of AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 5164 on the time from Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia diagnosis to antiretroviral initiation in routine clinical practice: a case study of diffusion, dissemination, and implementation. Volume 53 of Issue 10. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2011. PMID: 21960715


  278. Huang Y, Yang Q, Yoon K, Lei Y, Shi R, Gee W, Lin ET, Greenblatt RM, Gandhi M. Microanalysis of the antiretroviral nevirapine in human hair from HIV-infected patients by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry 2011. PMID: 21847531


  279. Ikediobi O, Aouizerat B, Xiao Y, Gandhi M, Gebhardt S, Warnich L. Analysis of pharmacogenetic traits in two distinct South African populations. Human genomics 2011. PMID: 21712189


  280. Gandhi M, Ameli N, Bacchetti P, Anastos K, Gange SJ, Minkoff H, Young M, Milam J, Cohen MH, Sharp GB, Huang Y, Greenblatt RM. Atazanavir concentration in hair is the strongest predictor of outcomes on antiretroviral therapy. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2011. PMID: 21507924


  281. Chandy S, Singh G, Heylen E, Gandhi M, Ekstrand ML. Treatment switching in South Indian patients on HAART: what are the predictors and consequences? AIDS care 2011. PMID: 21293988


  282. van Zyl GU, van Mens TE, McIlleron H, Zeier M, Nachega JB, Decloedt E, Malavazzi C, Smith P, Huang Y, van der Merwe L, Gandhi M, Maartens G. Low lopinavir plasma or hair concentrations explain second-line protease inhibitor failures in a resource-limited setting. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2011. PMID: 21239995


  283. Brady CJ, Keay L, Villanti A, Ali FS, Gandhi M, Massof RW, Friedman DS. Validation of a visual function and quality of life instrument in an urban Indian population with uncorrected refractive error using Rasch analysis. Ophthalmic epidemiology 2010. PMID: 20868254


  284. Yong Huang, Monica Gandhi, Ruth M. Greenblatt, Winnie Gee, Emil T. Lin, Nicholas Messenkoff. Erratum: Sensitive analysis of anti-HIV drugs, efavirenz, lopinavir and ritonavir, in human hair by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 2010. PMID:


  285. Keay L, Gandhi M, Brady C, Ali FS, Mathur U, Munoz B, Friedman DS. A randomized clinical trial to evaluate ready-made spectacles in an adult population in India. International journal of epidemiology 2010. PMID: 20147300


  286. Wong EB and Gandhi M.. The Feminization of an Epidemic: HIV in Women (chapter 37). In Fundamentals of Global HIV Medicine. Temesgen Z, Ed The Feminization of an Epidemic: HIV in Women (chapter 37). In Fundamentals of Global HIV Medicine. Temesgen Z, Ed. 2010. PMID:


  287. Liu C, Yang Y, Gange SJ, Weber K, Sharp GB, Wilson TE, Levine A, Robison E, Goparaju L, Gandhi M, Ganhdi M, Merenstein D. Disclosure of complementary and alternative medicine use to health care providers among HIV-infected women. AIDS patient care and STDs 2009. PMID: 19821723


  288. Iobst S, Gandhi M. The feminization of an epidemic. Women and HIV in the United States. Positively aware : the monthly journal of the Test Positive Aware Network 2009. PMID: 19653375


  289. Gandhi M, Benet LZ, Bacchetti P, Kalinowski A, Anastos K, Wolfe AR, Young M, Cohen M, Minkoff H, Gange SJ, Greenblatt RM. Nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor pharmacokinetics in a large unselected cohort of HIV-infected women. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2009. PMID: 19408353


  290. Merenstein D, Schneider MF, Cox C, Schwartz R, Weber K, Robison E, Gandhi M, Richardson J, Plankey MW. Association of child care burden and household composition with adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. AIDS patient care and STDs 2009. PMID: 19243274


  291. Gandhi M, Ameli N, Bacchetti P, Gange SJ, Anastos K, Levine A, Hyman CL, Cohen M, Young M, Huang Y, Greenblatt RM. Protease inhibitor levels in hair strongly predict virologic response to treatment. AIDS (London, England) 2009. PMID: 19165084


  292. Iobst S and Gandhi M. Women and HIV in the United States (feature article). Positively Aware periodical Positively Aware periodical 2009. PMID:


  293. Huang Y, Gandhi M, Greenblatt RM, Gee W, Lin ET, Messenkoff N. Sensitive analysis of anti-HIV drugs, efavirenz, lopinavir and ritonavir, in human hair by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM 2008. PMID: 18837069


  294. Merenstein D, Yang Y, Schneider MF, Goparaju L, Weber K, Sharma A, Levine AM, Sharp GB, Gandhi M, Liu C. Association of complementary and alternative medicine use with highly active antiretroviral therapy initiation. Alternative therapies in health and medicine 2008. PMID: 18780580


  295. Szczech LA, Golub ET, Springer G, Augenbraun M, Young M, Gandhi M, Gillepsie BS, Anastos K. Highly active antiretroviral therapy reduces urinary albumin excretion in women with HIV infection. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 2008. PMID: 18580338


  296. Merenstein DJ, Schneider MF, Cox C, Schwartz R, Weber K, Robison E, Gandhi M, Richardson J, Plankey MW. Association between living with children and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Pediatrics 2008. PMID: 18381507


  297. Golub ET, Benning L, Sharma A, Gandhi M, Cohen MH, Young M, Gange SJ. Patterns, predictors, and consequences of initial regimen type among HIV-infected women receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2008. PMID: 18171267


  298. Liu C, Lerch V, Weber K, Schneider MF, Sharp GB, Gorapaju L, Sharma A, Levine A, Gandhi M, Merenstein D. Association between complementary and alternative medicine use and adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) 2007. PMID: 18166114


  299. Riley ED, Gandhi M, Hare C, Cohen J, Hwang S. Poverty, unstable housing, and HIV infection among women living in the United States. Current HIV/AIDS reports 2007. PMID: 18366949


  300. Wilson TE, Feldman J, Vega MY, Gandhi M, Richardson J, Cohen MH, McKaig R, Ostrow D, Robison E, Gange SJ. Acquisition of new sexual partners among women with HIV infection: patterns of disclosure and sexual behavior within new partnerships. AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education 2007. PMID: 17411417


  301. Feldman JG, Minkoff H, Schneider MF, Gange SJ, Cohen M, Watts DH, Gandhi M, Mocharnuk RS, Anastos K. Association of cigarette smoking with HIV prognosis among women in the HAART era: a report from the women's interagency HIV study. American journal of public health 2006. PMID: 16670229


  302. Gandhi M and Jacobs RA.. Septic Arthritis and Disseminated Gonococcal Infection (chapter). In Current Rheumatology: Diagnosis and Treatment Septic Arthritis and Disseminated Gonococcal Infection (chapter). In Current Rheumatology: Diagnosis and Treatment 2006. PMID:


  303. Gandhi M, Ameli N, Bacchetti P, Sharp GB, French AL, Young M, Gange SJ, Anastos K, Holman S, Levine A, Greenblatt RM. Eligibility criteria for HIV clinical trials and generalizability of results: the gap between published reports and study protocols. AIDS (London, England) 2005. PMID: 16227797


  304. Silverberg MJ, Gore ME, French AL, Gandhi M, Glesby MJ, Kovacs A, Wilson TE, Young MA, Gange SJ. Prevalence of clinical symptoms associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2004. PMID: 15356788


  305. Gandhi M, Koelle D, Ameli N, Bacchetti P, Greenspan J, Navazesh M, Anastos K, Greenblatt RM. Journal of Dental Research Salivary shedding of human herpesvirus-8 among HIV-infected women is more frequent at higher CD4 cell counts 2004. PMID:


  306. Gandhi M, Aweeka F, Greenblatt RM, Blaschke TF. Sex differences in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Annual review of pharmacology and toxicology 2004. PMID: 14744256


  307. Hessol N, Gandhi M, and RM Greenblatt.. Epidemiology and Natural History of HIV Infection in Women (chapter). In A Guide to the Clinical Care of Women with HIV, Health Resources and Administrations Services (HRSA) Epidemiology and Natural History of HIV Infection in Women (chapter). In A Guide to the Clinical Care of Women with HIV, Health Resources and Administrations Services (HRSA) 2003. PMID:


  308. Gandhi M and RM Greenblatt.. Human Herpesvirus 8, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, and Associated Conditions (Review). Clinics in Laboratory Medicine Human Herpesvirus 8, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, and Associated Conditions (Review). Clinics in Laboratory Medicine. 2002. PMID:


  309. Gandhi M, Greenblatt RM. Human herpesvirus 8, Kaposi's sarcoma, and associated conditions. Clinics in laboratory medicine 2002. PMID: 12489286


  310. Gandhi M, Bacchetti P, Miotti P, Quinn TC, Veronese F, Greenblatt RM. Does patient sex affect human immunodeficiency virus levels? Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2002. PMID: 12115098